Definition:Topology Generated by Synthetic Sub-Basis

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Let $X$ be a set.

Let $\mathcal S \subseteq \mathcal P \left({X}\right)$ be a synthetic sub-basis on $X$.

Definition 1


$\displaystyle \BB = \set {\bigcap \FF: \FF \subseteq \SS, \FF \text{ is finite} }$

That is, $\BB$ is the set of all finite intersections of sets in $\SS$.

Note that $\FF$ is allowed to be empty in the above definition.

The topology generated by $\SS$, denoted $\map \tau \SS$, is defined as:

$\displaystyle \map \tau \SS = \set {\bigcup \AA: \AA \subseteq \BB}$

Definition 2

The topology generated by $\mathcal S$, denoted $\tau \left({\mathcal S}\right)$, is defined as the unique topology on $X$ that satisfies the following axioms:

$\left({1}\right): \quad \mathcal S \subseteq \tau \left({\mathcal S}\right)$
$\left({2}\right): \quad$ For any topology $\mathcal T$ on $X$, the implication $\mathcal S \subseteq \mathcal T \implies \tau \left({\mathcal S}\right) \subseteq \mathcal T$ holds.

That is, $\tau \left({\mathcal S}\right)$ is the coarsest topology on $X$ for which every element of $\mathcal S$ is open.

Also see