# Equivalence of Definitions of Unit of Ring

## Contents

## Theorem

Let $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ be a ring with unity whose unity is $1_R$.

The following definitions of the concept of **Unit of Ring** are equivalent:

### Definition 1

An element $x \in R$ is a **unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$** if and only if $x$ is invertible under $\circ$.

That is, a **unit** of $R$ is an element of $R$ which has an inverse.

- $\exists y \in R: x \circ y = 1_R = y \circ x$

### Definition 2

An element $x \in R$ is a **unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$** if and only if $x$ is divisor of $1_R$.

## Proof

Let $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ be a ring with unity.

### $(1)$ implies $(2)$

Let $x \in R$ be a unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ by definition 1.

Then by definition:

- $\exists y \in R: x \circ y = 1_R = y \circ x$

That is, by definition of divisor:

- $x \divides 1_R$

Thus $x$ is a unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ by definition 2.

$\Box$

### $(2)$ implies $(1)$

Let $x \in R$ be a unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ by definition 2.

Then by definition:

- $x \divides 1_R$

By definition of divisor:

- $\exists t \in R: 1_R = t \circ x$

Thus $x$ is a unit of $\struct {R, +, \circ}$ by definition 1.

$\blacksquare$