Fourier Series/Sawtooth Wave/Special Cases

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Special Cases of Fourier Series for Sawtooth Wave

Unit Half Interval

Let $\map S x$ be the sawtooth wave defined on the real numbers $\R$ as:

$\forall x \in \R: \map S x = \begin {cases} x & : x \in \openint {-1} 1 \\ \map S {x + 2} & : x < -1 \\ \map S {x - 2} & : x > +1 \end {cases}$


Then its Fourier series can be expressed as:

\(\ds \map S x\) \(\sim\) \(\ds \frac 2 \pi \sum_{n \mathop = 1}^\infty \frac {\paren {-1}^{n + 1} } n \sin n \pi x\)
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \frac 2 \pi \paren {\sin \pi x - \frac {\sin 2 \pi x} 2 + \frac {\sin 3 \pi x} 3 + \dotsb}\)


Half Interval $\pi$

Let $\map S x$ be the sawtooth wave defined on the real numbers $\R$ as:

$\forall x \in \R: \map S x = \begin {cases} x & : x \in \openint {-\pi} \pi \\ \map S {x + 2 \pi} & : x < -\pi \\ \map S {x - 2 \pi} & : x > +\pi \end {cases}$


Then its Fourier series can be expressed as:

\(\ds \map S x\) \(\sim\) \(\ds 2 \sum_{n \mathop = 1}^\infty \frac {\paren {-1}^{n + 1} } n \sin n x\)
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds 2 \paren {\sin x - \frac {\sin 2 x} 2 + \frac {\sin 3 x} 3 + \dotsb}\)