# Inclusion Mapping is Continuous

## Theorem

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $T_H = \struct {H, \tau_H}$ be a topological subspace of $T$ where $H \subseteq S$.

Let $i_H: H \to S$ be the inclusion mapping on $H$.

Then $i_H$ is a $\struct {\tau_H, \tau}$-continuous mapping.

## Proof

Let $U \in \tau$.

$\map {i_H^{-1} } U = U \cap H$

From the definition of the subspace topology:

$U \cap H \in \tau_H$

Hence the result by definition of a continuous mapping.

$\blacksquare$