Mathematician:Bertrand Arthur William Russell

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Mathematician

British philosopher, mathematician and logician.

Best known for his co-authorship with Alfred North Whitehead of Principia Mathematica, published from 1910.


Nationality

Welsh


History

  • Born: 18 May 1872, Ravenscroft, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • 1890–4: Undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1894: Married Alys Pearsall Smith
  • 1895: Elected Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1900: Attended International Congress of Philosophy, Paris
  • 1908: Elected Fellow of the Royal Society
  • 1908: Appointed Lecturer in the principles of mathematics, Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1913: Met Wittgenstein
  • 1914: Visiting Professor, Harvard University
  • 1916: Fined £100 and deprived of his lectureship at Trinity College, Cambridge for writing a leaflet in defence of an imprisoned conscientious objector
  • 1918: Imprisoned for anti-war article
  • 1920: Visited Russia
  • 1920–1: Visited China
  • 1921: Marriage to Alys Russell dissolved
  • 1921: Married Dora Black
  • 1927: Founded Beacon Hill progressive school with Dora Russell
  • 1935: Marriage to Dora Russell dissolved
  • 1936: Married Patricia Spence
  • 1938–44: Lived in U.S.A.
  • 1944: Appointed Lecturer at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1950: Awarded Order of Merit
  • 1950: Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1952: Marriage to Patricia Spence dissolved
  • 1952: Married Edith Finch
  • 1956: Moved to North Wales
  • 1957: Attended Pugwash Conference in Austria
  • 1957: Helped to launch Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
  • 1960: Supported civil disobedience and resigned from C.N.D.
  • 1961: Imprisoned briefly for taking part in demonstration organized by Committee of 100
  • 1963: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation and [Atlantic Peace Foundation] set up
  • 1965: Resigned from Labour Party in protest against Government's Foreign Policy.
  • 1966: First meeting of International War Crimes Tribunal
  • Died: 2 Feb 1970, Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales


Theorems

Results named for Bertrand Arthur William Russell can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for Bertrand Arthur William Russell can be found here.


Publications

  • 1903: Principles of Mathematics
  • 1908: Mathematical Logic as Based on the Theory of Types (Amer. J. Math. Vol. 30: 222 – 262), in which the notation $\paren x$ was coined for the universal quantifier.
  • 1910 -- 1913: Principia Mathematica (with Alfred North Whitehead)
  • 1913: The Problems of Philosophy
  • 1914: Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy (Lowell Lectures)
  • 1917: Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays
  • 1919: Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
  • 1919: The Philosophy of Logical Atomism
  • 1921: The Analysis of Mind
  • 1924: Logical Atomism
  • 1927: The Analysis of Matter
  • 1928: Sceptical Essays
  • 1929: Marriage and Morals
  • 1931: The Scientific Outlook
  • 1940: An Inquiry Into Meaning and Truth
  • 1945: A History of Western Philosophy
  • 1944: My Mental Development and Reply to Criticism (in The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell, ed. P. A. Schilpp)
  • 1948: Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits
  • 1949: Authority and the Individual (first of the Reith Lectures)
  • 1954: Man's Peril (B.B.C. broadcast on nuclear warfare)
  • 1955: Man's Peril (manifesto, based on the above broadcast)
  • 1959: My Philosophical Development
  • 1967: War Crimes in Vietnam
  • 1967: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol I
  • 1968: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol II
  • 1969: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol III


Notable Quotes

The rules of logic are to mathematics what those of structure are to architecture.
-- Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1917)


To create a healthy philosophy, you should renounce metaphysics but be a good mathematician.
in a lecture (1935)
-- Quoted in 1937: Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics: They Say: What Say They? : Let Them Say


Also known as

Also known as:

the 3rd Earl Russell
Lord Bertrand Arthur William Russell.


Sources