Mathematician:Bertrand Arthur William Russell

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Mathematician

British philosopher, mathematician and logician.

Best known for his co-authorship with Alfred North Whitehead of Principia Mathematica, published from 1910.


Nationality

Welsh


History

  • Born: 18 May 1872, Ravenscroft, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • 1890–4: Undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1894: Married Alys Pearsall Smith
  • 1895: Elected Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1900: Attended International Congress of Philosophy, Paris
  • 1908: Elected Fellow of the Royal Society
  • 1908: Appointed Lecturer in the principles of mathematics, Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1913: Met Wittgenstein
  • 1914: Visiting Professor, Harvard University
  • 1916: Fined £100 and deprived of his lectureship at Trinity College, Cambridge for writing a leaflet in defence of an imprisoned conscientious objector
  • 1918: Imprisoned for anti-war article
  • 1920: Visited Russia
  • 1920–1: Visited China
  • 1921: Marriage to Alys Russell dissolved
  • 1921: Married Dora Black
  • 1927: Founded Beacon Hill progressive school with Dora Russell
  • 1935: Marriage to Dora Russell dissolved
  • 1936: Married Patricia Spence
  • 1938–44: Lived in U.S.A.
  • 1944: Appointed Lecturer at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1950: Awarded Order of Merit
  • 1950: Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1952: Marriage to Patricia Spence dissolved
  • 1952: Married Edith Finch
  • 1956: Moved to North Wales
  • 1957: Attended Pugwash Conference in Austria
  • 1957: Helped to launch Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
  • 1960: Supported civil disobedience and resigned from C.N.D.
  • 1961: Imprisoned briefly for taking part in demonstration organized by Committee of 100
  • 1963: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation and Atlantic Peace Foundation set up
  • 1965: Resigned from Labour Party in protest against Government's Foreign Policy.
  • 1966: First meeting of International War Crimes Tribunal
  • Died: 2 Feb 1970, Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales


Theorems

Results named for Bertrand Arthur William Russell can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for Bertrand Arthur William Russell can be found here.


Publications


Notable Quotes

The rules of logic are to mathematics what those of structure are to architecture.
Mathematics, rightly viewed, possesses not only truth, but supreme beauty -- a beauty cold and austere, like that of sculpture.
-- Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1917)


To create a healthy philosophy, you should renounce metaphysics but be a good mathematician.
in a lecture (1935)
-- Quoted in 1937: Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics: They Say: What Say They? : Let Them Say


Also known as

Also known as:

the 3rd Earl Russell
Lord Bertrand Arthur William Russell.


Sources