Mathematician:Bertrand Arthur William Russell

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Mathematician

Bertrand Russell, also known as the 3rd Earl Russell, was a British philosopher, mathematician and logician.

Best known for his co-authorship with Alfred North Whitehead of Principia Mathematica, published from 1910.


Nationality

Welsh


History

  • Born: 18 May 1872, Ravenscroft, Trelleck, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • 1890–4: Undergraduate at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1894: Married Alys Pearsall Smith
  • 1895: Elected Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1900: Attended International Congress of Philosophy, Paris
  • 1908: Elected Fellow of the Royal Society
  • 1908: Appointed Lecturer in the principles of mathematics, Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1913: Met Wittgenstein
  • 1914: Visiting Professor, Harvard University
  • 1916: Fined £100 and deprived of his lectureship at Trinity College, Cambridge for writing a leaflet in defence of an imprisoned conscientious objector
  • 1918: Imprisoned for anti-war article
  • 1920: Visited Russia
  • 1920–1: Visited China
  • 1921: Marriage to Alys Russell dissolved
  • 1921: Married Dora Black
  • 1927: Founded Beacon Hill progressive school with Dora Russell
  • 1935: Marriage to Dora Russell dissolved
  • 1936: Married Patricia Spence
  • 1938–44: Lived in U.S.A.
  • 1944: Appointed Lecturer at Trinity College, Cambridge
  • 1950: Awarded Order of Merit
  • 1950: Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1952: Marriage to Patricia Spence dissolved
  • 1952: Married Edith Finch
  • 1956: Moved to North Wales
  • 1957: Attended Pugwash Conference in Austria
  • 1957: Helped to launch Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament
  • 1960: Supported civil disobedience and resigned from C.N.D.
  • 1961: Imprisoned briefly for taking part in demonstration organized by Committee of 100
  • 1963: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation and [Atlantic Peace Foundation] set up
  • 1965: Resigned from Labour Party in protest against Government's Foreign Policy.
  • 1966: First meeting of International War Crimes Tribunal
  • Died: 2 Feb 1970, Penrhyndeudraeth, Merioneth, Wales


Theorems

Results named for Bertrand Arthur William Russell can be found here.


Publications

  • 1903: Principles of Mathematics
  • 1908: Mathematical Logic as Based on the Theory of Types (Amer. J. Math. Vol. 30: 222 – 262), in which the notation $\paren x$ was coined for the universal quantifier.
  • 1910 -- 1913: Principia Mathematica (with Alfred North Whitehead)
  • 1913: The Problems of Philosophy
  • 1914: Our Knowledge of the External World as a Field for Scientific Method in Philosophy (Lowell Lectures)
  • 1917: Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays
  • 1919: Introduction to Mathematical Philosophy
  • 1919: The Philosophy of Logical Atomism
  • 1921: The Analysis of Mind
  • 1924: Logical Atomism
  • 1927: The Analysis of Matter
  • 1928: Sceptical Essays
  • 1929: Marriage and Morals
  • 1931: The Scientific Outlook
  • 1940: An Inquiry Into Meaning and Truth
  • 1945: A History of Western Philosophy
  • 1944: My Mental Development and Reply to Criticism (in The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell, ed. P. A. Schilpp)
  • 1948: Human Knowledge: Its Scope and Limits
  • 1949: Authority and the Individual (first of the Reith Lectures)
  • 1954: Man's Peril (B.B.C. broadcast on nuclear warfare)
  • 1955: Man's Peril (manifesto, based on the above broadcast)
  • 1959: My Philosophical Development
  • 1967: War Crimes in Vietnam
  • 1967: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol I
  • 1968: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol II
  • 1969: The Autobiography of Bertrand Russell Vol III


Notable Quotes

The rules of logic are to mathematics what those of structure are to architecture.
-- Mysticism and Logic and Other Essays (1917)


To create a healthy philosophy, you should renounce metaphysics but be a good mathematician.
in a lecture (1935)
-- Quoted in 1937: Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics: They Say: What Say They? : Let Them Say


Sources