# Mathematician:Peter David Lax

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## Mathematician

Hungarian-born American mathematician working in the areas of pure and applied mathematics.

Made important contributions to integrable systems, fluid dynamics and shock waves, solitonic physics, hyperbolic conservation laws, and mathematical and scientific computing, among other fields.

### Wolf Prize

Peter David Lax was awarded a Wolf Prize for Mathematics in $\text {1987}$:

*For his outstanding contributions to many areas of analysis and applied mathematics.*

### Abel Prize

Peter David Lax was awarded an Abel Prize in $\text {2005}$:

*For his groundbreaking contributions to the theory and application of partial differential equations and to the computation of their solutions.*

## Nationality

Hungarian-American

## History

- Born: 1 May 1926 in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary

## Theorems and Definitions

- Lax-Wendroff Method (with Burton Wendroff)
- Lax Equivalence Theorem
- Lax-Milgram Theorem (with Arthur Norton Milgram)
- Babuška-Lax-Milgram Theorem (with Ivo M. Babuška and Arthur Norton Milgram)
- Lions-Lax-Milgram Theorem (with Jacques-Louis Lions and Arthur Norton Milgram)
- Lax Pair

## Publications

- 1954:
*Parabolic Equations*(*Ann. Math. Studies**no. 33*: pp. 167 – 190) (with Arthur Norton Milgram) - 1970:
*Decay of Solutions of Systems of Nonlinear Hyperbolic Conservation Laws*(with J. Glimm) - 1979:
*Calculus with Applications and Computing*(with S. Burstein and A. Lax) - 1989:
*Scattering Theory*(with R.S. Phillips) - 1987:
*Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws and the Mathematical Theory of Shock Waves* - 1996:
*Recent Mathematical Methods in Nonlinear Wave Propagation*(with G. Boillat, C.M. Dafermos, T.-P. Liu and T. Ruggeri) - 2001:
*Scattering Theory for Automorphic Functions*(with R.S. Phillips) - 2002:
*Functional Analysis* - 2006:
*Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equations* - 2007:
*Linear Algebra and Its Applications*(2nd ed.) - 2012:
*Complex Proofs of Real Theorems*(with Lawrence Zalcman)

## Also known as

His name at birth, in the Hungarian style, was **Lax Péter Dávid**.