Mathematician:Pierre Bouguer

From ProofWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search


French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist and astronomer.

The first known discoverer of what is now generally known as the Beer-Lambert-Bouguer Law.

Measured the acceleration of free-fall using a pendulum.

Was the first to notice that the period of a pendulum could be affected by the gravitational force exerted by a high mountain.




  • Born: 16 February 1698 in Le Croisic in lower Brittany
  • Died: 15 August 1758 in Paris

Theorems and Definitions

Results named for Pierre Bouguer can be found here.


  • 1727: On the masting of ships
  • 1727: On the best method of observing the altitude of stars at sea
  • 1727: On the best method of observing the variation of the compass at sea
  • 1729: Essai d'optique sur la gradation de la lumière
  • 1746: Traité du navire
  • 1749: La figure de la terre: déterminée par les observations de messieurs