French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist and astronomer.
The first known discoverer of what is now generally known as the Beer-Lambert-Bouguer Law.
Measured the acceleration of free-fall using a pendulum.
Was the first to notice that the period of a pendulum could be affected by the gravitational force exerted by a high mountain.
- Born: 16 February 1698 in Le Croisic in lower Brittany
- Died: 15 August 1758 in Paris
Theorems and Definitions
- The Beer-Lambert-Bouguer Law, also known as the Lambert-Beer Law, Beer's Law, the Beer-Lambert Law or Lambert's Law (with August Beer and Johann Heinrich Lambert)
Results named for Pierre Bouguer can be found here.
- 1727: On the masting of ships
- 1727: On the best method of observing the altitude of stars at sea
- 1727: On the best method of observing the variation of the compass at sea
- 1729: Essai d'optique sur la gradation de la lumière
- 1746: Traité du navire
- 1749: La figure de la terre: déterminée par les observations de messieurs