Numbers not Expressible as Sum of Distinct Pentagonal Numbers

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Theorem

The positive integer which cannot be expressed as the sum of distinct pentagonal numbers are:

$2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 29, 30,$
$31, 32, 33, 37, 38, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 49, 50, 54, 55, 59, 60, 61, 65,$
$66, 67, 72, 77, 80, 81, 84, 89, 94, 95, 96, 100, 101, 102, 107, 112, 116,$
$124, 136, 137, 141, 142, 147, 159$


Proof


Sources