Ratio of Consecutive Fibonacci Numbers/Historical Note
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Historical Note on Ratio of Consecutive Fibonacci Numbers
This result appears first to have been published by Simon Jacob in $1560$, but the work it appeared in was not well-known and subsequent mathematicians appear to have been unaware of it.
This result was observed by Johannes Kepler, but not established rigorously by him:
- It is so arranged that the two lesser terms of a progressive series added together constitute the third ... and so on to infinity, as the same proportion continues unbroken. It is impossible to provide a perfect example in round numbers. However ... Let the smalllest numbers be $1$ and $1$, which you must imagine as unequal. Add them, and the sum will be $2$; add this to $1$, result $3$; add $2$ to this, and get $5$; add $3$, get $8$ ... as $5$ is to $8$, so $8$ is to $13$, approximately, and as $8$ is to $13$, so $13$ is to $21$, approximately.
However, it was Robert Simson in $1753$ who first explicitly stated that the Ratio of Consecutive Fibonacci Numbers tend to a limit.
- 1986: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers ... (previous) ... (next): $5$
- 1995: Peter Schreiber: A Supplement to J. Shallit's Paper “Origins of the Analysis of the Euclidean Algorithm” (Hist. Math. Vol. 22: pp. 422 – 424)
- 1997: Donald E. Knuth: The Art of Computer Programming: Volume 1: Fundamental Algorithms (3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $\S 1.2.8$: Fibonacci Numbers
- 1997: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $5$