# Ring Epimorphism Preserves Ideals

## Theorem

Let $\phi: \struct {R_1, +_1, \circ_1} \to \struct {R_2, +_2, \circ_2}$ be a ring epimorphism.

Let $J$ be an ideal of $R_1$.

Then $\phi \sqbrk J$ is an ideal of $R_2$.

## Proof

$J$ is an ideal of $R_1$, so it is also a subring of $R_1$.

From Ring Homomorphism Preserves Subrings, it follows that $\phi \sqbrk J$ is a subring of $R_2$.

Now suppose $u \in \phi \sqbrk J$.

Let $v \in R_2$.

Then $\exists x \in J, y \in R_1$ such that $\map \phi x = u, \map \phi y = v$.

Thus, by the morphism property:

$u \circ_2 v = \map \phi x \circ_2 \map \phi y = \map \phi {x \circ_1 y}$

So $u \circ_2 v \in \phi \sqbrk J$ because $x \circ_1 y \in J$.

Similarly $v \circ_2 u \in \phi \sqbrk J$ also.

The result follows.

$\blacksquare$