Surjection by Free Module

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Theorem

Let $A$ be a ring.

Let $M$ be a left $A$-module.


Then there exists a free $A$-module $F$ and a surjective $A$-module homomorphism $f : F \to M$.


Proof

Let $F = A^{\paren M}$ be the free $A$-module on the set $M$.

Let $c : M \to A^{\paren M}$ be the canonical mapping.

Let $f : F \to M$ be the $A$-module homomorphism induced the by the Universal Property of Free Modules applied to the identity $\operatorname {id}_M$ of $M$.

We have

$f \circ c = \operatorname {id}_M$

Thus $f$ is a split epimorphism in the category of sets.

By Split Epimorphism is Epic and Surjection iff Epimorphism in Category of Sets $f$ is surjective.

$\blacksquare$