# Category:Transitive Closures

This category contains results about Transitive Closures in the context of Relation Theory.

### Definition 1

Let $\RR$ be a relation on a set $S$.

The transitive closure of $\RR$ is defined as the smallest transitive relation on $S$ which contains $\RR$ as a subset.

### Definition 2

Let $\mathcal R$ be a relation on a set $S$.

The transitive closure of $\mathcal R$ is defined as the intersection of all transitive relations on $S$ which contain $\mathcal R$.

### Definition 3

Let $\mathcal R$ be a relation on a set or class $S$.

The transitive closure of $\mathcal R$ is the relation $\mathcal R^+$ defined as follows:

For $x, y \in S$, $x \mathrel {\mathcal R^+} y$ if and only if for some $n \in \N_{>0}$ there exist $s_0, s_1, \dots, s_n \in S$ such that $s_0 = x$, $s_n = y$, and:

 $\displaystyle s_0$ $\mathcal R$ $\displaystyle s_1$ $\displaystyle s_1$ $\mathcal R$ $\displaystyle s_2$ $\displaystyle$ $\vdots$ $\displaystyle$ $\displaystyle s_{n - 1}$ $\mathcal R$ $\displaystyle s_n$

### Definition 4

Let $\mathcal R$ be a relation on a set $S$.

Let:

$\mathcal R^n := \begin{cases} \mathcal R & : n = 0 \\ \mathcal R^{n-1} \circ \mathcal R & : n > 0 \end{cases}$

where $\circ$ denotes composition of relations.

Finally, let:

$\displaystyle \mathcal R^+ = \bigcup_{i \mathop \in \N} \mathcal R^i$

Then $\mathcal R^+$ is called the transitive closure of $\mathcal R$.

## Subcategories

This category has only the following subcategory.

## Pages in category "Transitive Closures"

The following 11 pages are in this category, out of 11 total.