# Composition of Identification Mappings is Identification Mapping

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## Theorem

Let $T_1 = \struct {S_1, \tau_1}$ be a topological space.

Let $S_2$ and $S_3$ be sets.

Let $f_1: S_1 \to S_2$ and $f_2: S_2 \to S_3$ be mappings.

Let $\tau_2$ be the identification topology on $S_2$ with respect to $f_1$ and $\tau_1$.

Let $\tau_3$ be the identification topology on $S_3$ with respect to $f_2$ and $\tau_2$.

Let $\phi: S_1 \to S_3$ be the composition of $f_2$ with $f_1$:

- $\phi = f_2 \circ f_1$

Then $\phi$ is itself an identification mapping.

## Proof

## Sources

- 1975: W.A. Sutherland:
*Introduction to Metric and Topological Spaces*... (previous) ... (next): $3$: Continuity generalized: topological spaces: Exercise $3.9: 41$