Constant Mapping/Examples

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Examples of Constant Mappings

Constant Mappings on Set of Cardinality $3$

Let $X = \set {a, b, c}$.

Let $S = \set {f_a, f_b, f_c}$ be the constant mappings from $X$ to $X$.

The Cayley table for composition on $S$ is as follows:

$\begin{array}{c|cccc} \circ & f_a & f_b & f_c \\ \hline f_a & f_a & f_a & f_a \\ f_b & f_b & f_b & f_b \\ f_c & f_c & f_c & f_c \\ \end{array}$

As can be seen, there is no identity element, so $\struct {S, \circ}$ is not a group.