# Convergent Sequence in Metric Space has Unique Limit

## Theorem

Let $M = \struct {A, d}$ be a metric space.

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $M$.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ can have at most one limit in $M$.

## Proof 1

Suppose $\ds \lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} x_n = l$ and $\ds \lim_{n \mathop \to \infty} x_n = m$.

Let $\epsilon > 0$.

Then, provided $n$ is sufficiently large:

 $\ds \map d {l, m}$ $\le$ $\ds \map d {l, x_n} + \map d {x_n, m}$ Triangle Inequality $\ds$ $<$ $\ds \epsilon + \epsilon$ Definition of Limit of Sequence (Metric Space) $\ds$ $=$ $\ds 2 \epsilon$

So $0 \le \dfrac {\map d {l, m} } 2 < \epsilon$.

This holds for any value of $\epsilon > 0$.

Thus from Real Plus Epsilon it follows that $\dfrac {\map d {l, m} } 2 = 0$, that is, that $l = m$.

$\blacksquare$

## Proof 2

We have that a Metric Space is Hausdorff.

The result then follows from Convergent Sequence in Hausdorff Space has Unique Limit‎.

$\blacksquare$