Source of Name
This entry was named for Niels Henrik Abel.
The foundations for the theory of Abelian functions were laid in Abel's paper Mémoire sur une Propriété Générale d'une Classe Très-Étendue de Fonctions Transcendantes.
The work on extending our understanding of them continued with Karl Weierstrass, working alone with no contact with other mathematicians.
He took up their study as his life's work.