Definition:Equal Surface

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Definition

Let $R$ be a region of space, which may be the interior of a body.

Let there exist a point-function $F$ on $R$ giving rise to a scalar field.

An equal surface is a surface $S$ embedded in $R$ at which, for all $P \in S$, $\map F P$ is constant.


Also known as

An equal surface is also known as a level surface.


Examples

Isothermal Surface

An isothermal surface is an equal surface $S$ embedded in a body $B$ with respect to a temperature field within $B$.

That is, it is a surface $S$ embedded in $B$ on which the temperature is equal throughout $S$.


Equidensity Surface

An equidensity surface is an equal surface $S$ embedded in a body $B$ with respect to a density field within $B$.

That is, it is a surface $S$ embedded in $B$ on which the density is equal throughout $S$.


Equipotential Surface

An equidensity surface is an equal surface $S$ embedded in a region of space $R$ with respect to an electric potential field within $B$.

That is, it is a surface $S$ embedded in $R$ at which the electric potential is equal throughout $S$.


Sources