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Let $\mathbf A$ be a square matrix over $\C$.
$\mathbf A$ is Hermitian if and only if:
- $\mathbf A = \mathbf A^\dagger$
where $\mathbf A^\dagger$ is the Hermitian conjugate of $\mathbf A$.
- Results about Hermitian matrices can be found here.
Source of Name
This entry was named for Charles Hermite.
The Hermitian matrix was invented by Charles Hermite to solve certain problems in number theory.
However, it turned out to be crucial in the formulation by Werner Karl Heisenberg of his model of quantum mechanics.
- 1998: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Hermitian matrix
- 2008: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Hermitian matrix