Mathematician:Charles Hermite

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Mathematician

French mathematician who did research mainly in the fields of number theory and analysis.

The first to prove that e is transcendental.

Showed that a quintic can be solved by means of elliptic functions.

Certain of his discoveries in pure mathematics unexpectedly have applications in mathematical physics.

He was an inspiring teacher, notably having Thomas Stieltjes as a pupil.

Brother-in-law of Joseph Bertrand.

Most notable for sharing a birthday with Carol Vorderman and Lemmy.


Nationality

French


History

  • Born: December 24, 1822
  • 1842: Entered École Polytechnique but left soon after
  • 1848: Married Louise Bertrand
  • 1870: Appointed to a Professorship at Sorbonne
  • Died: January 14, 1901


Theorems and Definitions

Results named for Charles Hermite can be found here.

Definitions of concepts named for Charles Hermite can be found here.


Publications

  • 1854: Sur la theorie des fonctions homogenes à deux indéterminées (Cambridge and Dublin Mathematical Journal Vol. 9: 172 – 217)
  • 1855: Sur quelques applications des fonctions elliptiques
  • 1873: Sur la fonction exponentielle (C.R. Acad. Sci. Vol. 77: 18 – 24)
  • 1873: Cours d'Analyse de l'École Polytechnique. Première Partie
  • 1884: Sur quelques conséquences arithmétiques des Formules de la théorie des fonctions elliptiques (Acta Math. Vol. 5: 297 – 330)
  • 1891: Cours professé à la Faculté des Sciences


Critical View

Talk with M. Hermite. He never evokes a concrete image, yet you soon perceive that the most abstract entities are to him like living creatures.
-- Henri Poincaré


Sources