# Definition:Plane Surface

## Definition

In the words of Euclid:

*A***plane surface**is a surface which lies evenly with the straight lines on itself.

(*The Elements*: Book $\text{I}$: Definition $7$)

### Side

From the definition of surface, it follows that a plane locally separates space into two **sides**.

Thus the **sides** of a plane are the parts of that space into which the plane separates it.

### The Plane

**The plane** is the term used for the general plane surface which is infinite in all directions.

## Warning

Care needs to be taken with this definition.

It is possible to create non-plane surfaces which can be generated solely by straight lines.

Twist a deck of cards and the edges of the deck will no longer be plane surfaces, although the edges of the individual cards are as straight as before.

The point to this definition is that *every* straight line lying partly in a plane surface lies *wholly* in that surface (unless intersecting it in just one place).

## Also known as

A **plane surface** is usually referred to just as **a plane**.

## Also see

## Sources

- 1952: T. Ewan Faulkner:
*Projective Geometry*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $1$: Introduction: The Propositions of Incidence: $1.2$: The projective method