Definition:URM Computability

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Definition

Let $P$ be a URM program, and let $k$ be any positive integer.


Program

$P$ is said to compute the function $f: \N^k \to \N$ if and only if:

for all ordered $k$-tuples $\tuple {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k} \in \N^k$, the computation of a URM using the program $P$ with input $\tuple {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$ produces the output $\map f {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$.


If there are any inputs such that either of the following happens:

the output fails to equal $\map f {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$
the program will never terminate,

then the program does not compute the function $f: \N^k \to \N$.


Function

The function $f: \N^k \to \N$ is said to be URM computable if there exists a URM program which computes it.


Partial Function

$P$ is said to compute the partial function $f: \N^k \to \N$ if and only if:

For all ordered $k$-tuples $\tuple {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k} \in \N^k$:
If the computation of $P$ with input $\tuple {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$ halts, it produces the output $\map f {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$.
If the computation of $P$ with input $\tuple {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$ does not halt, $\map f {n_1, n_2, \ldots, n_k}$ is undefined.


The partial function $f: \N^k \to \N$ is said to be URM computable if there exists a URM program which computes it.


Note that a URM program can be used with any number of input variables. For any positive integer $k$, the input consists of the state of the registers $R_1, R_2, \ldots, R_k$.

Thus a given URM program $P$ computes a partial function $f: \N^k \to \N$ for each positive integer $k$.

In this context, it is convenient to use the notation $f^k_P$ to denote the partial function of $k$ variables computed by $P$.


Set

Let $A \subseteq \N$.

Then $A$ is a URM computable set if and only if its characteristic function $\chi_A$ is a URM computable function.


Relation

Let $\mathcal R \subseteq \N^k$ be an $n$-ary relation on $\N^k$.

Then $\mathcal R$ is a URM computable relation if and only if its characteristic function $\chi_\mathcal R$ is a URM computable function.