Divisions of Numbers in Unit Interval with Numbers in Different Intervals
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Let $I = \openint 0 1$ be the open unit interval.
Let $a_1, a_2, a_3, \ldots, a_n$ be real numbers chosen in $I$ such that:
- $a_1$ and $a_2$ are in different halves of $I$
- $a_1, a_2$ and $a_3$ are in different thirds of $I$
- $a_1, a_2, a_3$ and $a_4$ are in different quarters of $I$
and so on.
Then $n \le 17$.
That is, for the conditions to be fulfilled, no more than $17$ numbers can be chosen.
- 1970: E.R. Berlekamp and R.L. Graham: Irregularities in the distributions of finite sequences (J. Number Theory Vol. 2: pp. 152 – 161)
- 1986: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers ... (previous) ... (next): $17$
- 1997: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $17$