# Equivalence of Definitions of Polynomial Ring

## Contents

## One Variable

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity.

The following definitions of polynomial ring are equivalent in the following sense:

- For every two constructions, there exists an $R$-isomorphism which sends indeterminates to indeterminates.

### Definition 1: As a Ring of Sequences

Let $R^{\left({\N}\right)}$ be the ring of sequences of finite support over $R$.

Let $\iota : R \to R^{\left({\N}\right)}$ be the mapping defined as:

- $\iota \left({r}\right) = \left \langle {r, 0, 0, \ldots}\right \rangle$.

Let $X$ be the sequence $\left \langle {0, 1, 0, \ldots}\right \rangle$.

The **polynomial ring over $R$** is the ordered triple $\left({R^{\left({\N}\right)}, \iota, X}\right)$.

### Definition 2: As a Monoid Ring on the Natural Numbers

Let $\N$ denote the additive monoid of natural numbers.

Let $R \left[{\N}\right]$ be the monoid ring of $\N$ over $R$.

The **polynomial ring over $R$** is the ordered triple $\left({R \left[{\N}\right], \iota, X}\right)$ where:

- $X \in R \left[{\N}\right]$ is the standard basis element associated to $1\in \N$.
- $\iota : R \to R \left[{\N}\right]$ is the canonical mapping.

## Multiple Variables

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unity.

The following definitions of polynomial ring are equivalent in the following sense:

- For every two constructions, there exists an $R$-isomorphism which sends indeterminates to indeterminates.

### Definition 1: As the monoid ring on a free monoid on a set

Let $R \left[{\left\{{X_i: i \in I}\right\}}\right]$ be the ring of polynomial forms in $\left\{{X_i: i \in I}\right\}$.

The **polynomial ring in $I$ indeterminates over $R$** is the ordered triple $\left({\left({A, +, \circ}\right), \iota, \left\{ {X_i: i \in I}\right\} }\right)$

*This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.*