# Equivalence of Definitions of Separated Sets/Definition 2 implies Definition 1

## Theorem

Let $T = \struct{S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $A, B \subseteq S$.

Let $U, V \in \tau$ satisfy:

$A \subset U$ and $U \cap B = \O$
$B \subset V$ and $V \cap A = \O$

where $\O$ denotes the empty set.

Then

$A^- \cap B = A \cap B^- = \O$

where $A^-$ denotes the closure of $A$ in $T$.

## Proof

Let $U \in \tau$ be an arbitrary open set of $T$ such that $A \subseteq U$ and $U \cap B = \O$.

$B \subseteq S \setminus U$

By the definition of a closed set, the relative complement $S \setminus U$ of $U$ is closed in $T$.

$B^- \subseteq S \setminus U$
$B^- \cap U = \O$

Then

 $\displaystyle B^- \cap A$ $=$ $\displaystyle B^- \cap \paren {U \cap A}$ Intersection with Subset is Subset $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \paren {B^- \cap U} \cap A$ Intersection is Associative $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \O \cap A$ as $B^- \cap U = \O$ $\displaystyle$ $=$ $\displaystyle \O$ Intersection with Empty Set

Similarly:

$A^- \cap B = \O$

$\blacksquare$