Intersection of Closed Intervals of Positive Reals is Zero

From ProofWiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Theorem

Let $\R_{> 0}$ be the set of strictly positive real numbers.

For all $x \in \R_{> 0}$, let $B_x$ be the closed real interval $\closedint 0 x$.


Then:

$\displaystyle \bigcap_{x \mathop \in \R_{> 0} } B_x = \set 0$


Proof

Let $\displaystyle B = \bigcap_{x \mathop \in \R_{> 0} } B_x$.

We have that:

$\forall x \in \R_{> 0}: 0 \in \closedint 0 x$

So by definition of intersection:

$0 \in B$

and so by Singleton of Element is Subset:

$\displaystyle \set 0 \subseteq \bigcap_{x \mathop \in \R_{> 0} } B_x$


Aiming for a contradiction, suppose $\exists y \in \R_{> 0}: y \in B$.

By definition of $B_x$:

$y \notin \closedint 0 {\dfrac y 2 = B_{y/2}$

and so by definition of intersection of family:

$y \notin B$

From this contradiction it follows that there can be no elements in $B$ apart from $0$.

That is:

$\displaystyle \bigcap_{x \mathop \in \R_{> 0} } A_x \subseteq \set 0$


By definition of set equality:

$\displaystyle \bigcap_{x \mathop \in \R_{> 0} } B_x = \set 0$

$\blacksquare$


Sources