# Intersection of Subfields is Subfield

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## Theorem

Let $\struct {F, +, \circ}$ be a field.

Let $\mathbb K$ be a non-empty set of subfields of $F$.

Then the intersection $\bigcap \mathbb K$ of the members of $\mathbb K$ is itself a subfield of $F$.

## Proof

Let $L = \bigcap \mathbb K$.

A field is by definition also a division subring.

From Intersection of Division Subrings is Division Subring, $L$ is itself a division subring of $F$.

As $\struct {F, +, \circ}$ is a field, $\circ$ is commutative on $F$.

By Restriction of Commutative Operation is Commutative, it follows that $\circ$ is also commutative on $L$.

Thus $\struct {L, +, \circ}$ is a division ring where $\circ$ is commutative.

Thus, by definition, of $\struct {L, +, \circ}$ is a field.

Hence the result.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1969: C.R.J. Clapham:
*Introduction to Abstract Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $4$: Fields: $\S 16$. Subfields: Theorem $27$