# Inverse Completion of Commutative Semigroup is Abelian Group

## Contents

## Theorem

Let $\left({S, \circ}\right)$ be a commutative semigroup

Let all the elements of $\left({S, \circ}\right)$ be cancellable.

Then an inverse completion of $\left({S, \circ}\right)$ is an abelian group.

## Proof

Let $\left({S, \circ}\right)$ be a commutative semigroup, all of whose elements are cancellable.

Let $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ be an inverse completion of $\left({S, \circ}\right)$.

From Inverse Completion is Commutative Monoid:

- $\left({T, \circ'}\right) = \left({S \circ' S^{-1}, \circ'}\right)$

has been shown to be a commutative monoid.

Taking the group axioms in turn:

### G0: Closure

As $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ is a commutative semigroup, it is by definition closed.

$\Box$

### G1: Associativity

As $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ is a commutative semigroup, it is by definition associative.

$\Box$

### G2: Identity

Let $x \in S$.

Then $x^{-1} \in S^{-1}$ by definition.

As $\left({T, \circ'}\right) = \left({S \circ' S^{-1}, \circ'}\right)$ is closed:

- $x \circ' x^{-1} \in T$

This holds for all $x \in S$.

As $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ is a commutative semigroup:

- $\exists e \in T: \forall x \in S: x \circ' x^{-1} = e^{-1} = x \circ' x$

Thus $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ has an identity element.

$\Box$

### G3: Inverses

Every element of $S$ has an inverse in $S^{-1}$.

Therefore every element of $S$ and $S^{-1}$ is invertible.

From Inverse of Product in Associative Structure, every element of $S \circ' S^{-1}$ is therefore also invertible.

Thus every element of $T$ has an inverse.

$\Box$

All the group axioms are thus seen to be fulfilled, and so $\left({T, \circ'}\right)$ is a group.

Commutativity of $\circ$ has been demonstrated.

Hence the result, by definition of abelian group.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1965: Seth Warner:
*Modern Algebra*... (previous) ... (next): $\S 20$: Theorem $20.2$