# Kuratowski's Closure-Complement Problem/Closure of Interior of Closure

## Theorem

Let $\R$ be the real number line with the usual (Euclidean) topology.

Let $A \subseteq \R$ be defined as:

 $\displaystyle A$ $:=$ $\displaystyle \openint 0 1 \cup \openint 1 2$ Definition of Union of Adjacent Open Intervals $\displaystyle$  $\, \displaystyle \cup \,$ $\displaystyle \set 3$ Definition of Singleton $\displaystyle$  $\, \displaystyle \cup \,$ $\displaystyle \paren {\Q \cap \openint 4 5}$ Rational Numbers from $4$ to $5$ (not inclusive)

The closure of the interior of the closure of $A$ in $\R$ is given by:

 $\displaystyle A^{- \, \circ \, -}$ $=$ $\displaystyle \left[{0 \,.\,.\, 2}\right]$ Definition of Closed Real Interval $\displaystyle$  $\, \displaystyle \cup \,$ $\displaystyle \left[{4 \,.\,.\, 5}\right]$ Definition of Closed Real Interval ## Proof

 $\displaystyle A^{- \, \circ}$ $=$ $\displaystyle \left({0 \,.\,.\, 2}\right)$ Definition of Open Real Interval $\displaystyle$  $\, \displaystyle \cup \,$ $\displaystyle \left({4 \,.\,.\, 5}\right)$ Definition of Open Real Interval
$\left({0 \,.\,.\, 2}\right)^- = \left[{0 \,.\,.\, 2}\right]$

and:

$\left({4 \,.\,.\, 5}\right)^- = \left[{4 \,.\,.\, 5}\right]$

The result follows from Closure of Finite Union equals Union of Closures.

$\blacksquare$