Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Birth/1931 + CE

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For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.'
-- Eric Temple Bell: Men of Mathematics, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

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Contents

$1931$ – $1940$

1931

Kenneth Myron Hoffman (c. 1931 – 2008)

American mathematician whose primary area of research specialization was functional analysis.
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Henri J. Nussbaumer (b. 1931 )

French mathematician and engineer who has written a few works on the fast fourier transform.
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February

John Willard Milnor (b. 1931 )

American mathematician best known for his work in differential topology.
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May

András Hajnal (1931 – 2016)

Hungarian mathematician best known for his work in known for his work in set theory and combinatorics.
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Hale Freeman Trotter (b. 1931 )

Canadian mathematician mainly working in number theory and knot theory.
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June

Rudolph Michael Najar (b. 1931 )

American mathematician with a research interest in elementary number theory.
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Herbert Saul Wilf (1931 – 2012)

American mathematician who specializes in combinatorics and graph theory.

He has made available certain of his works for free download.
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August

Roger Penrose (b. 1931 )

British physicist and mathematician renowned for his work in cosmology.

The creator of the Penrose tiles.
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September

John Winsor Pratt (b. 1931 )

American mathematician who has made contributions to research in risk aversion theory.
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December

Basil Gordon (1931 – 2012)

American mathematician specializing in number theory and combinatorics.

Worked with Wernher von Braun on the US's contribution to the Space Race.
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1932

Joseph F. Stephany (1932 – 2011)

American research scientist, and amateur chess player and mathematician.
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January

Harry Lewis Nelson (b. 1932 )

American mathematician and computer programmer.

Member of the team that won the World Computer Chess Championship in $1983$ and $1986$.

Co-discoverer with David Slowinski of the $27$th Mersenne prime $2^{44 \, 497} − 1$ in $1979$.

Editor of the Journal of Recreational Mathematics for five years.
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February

David Abram Antin (1932 – 2016)

American poet, critic and performance artist, who also translated various scientific and mathematical works.
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May

Solomon Wolf Golomb (1932 – 2016)

American mathematician, engineer and professor of electrical engineering at the University of Southern California, best known for his works on mathematical games.

Invented Cheskers in $1948$ and coined the name.

Fully described polyominoes and pentominoes in $1953$

Specialized in problems of combinatorial analysis, number theory, coding theory and communications.

His game of Pentomino inspired Tetris.
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October

Karl Heinrich Hofmann (b. 1932 )

German mathematician working in the fields of topological algebra and functional analysis, especially topological groups and semigroups and Lie theory.
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Kenneth Ira Appel (1932 – 2013)

American mathematician who in 1976, along with Wolfgang Haken, proved the Four Color Theorem with the help of a computer.
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Dana Stewart Scott (b. 1932 )

American computer scientist, logician and philosopher.
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John Griggs Thompson (b. 1932 )

American mathematician noted for his work in the field of finite groups.
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November

Avner Friedman (b. 1932 )

Israeli-born mathematician, whose primary field of research is partial differential equations, with interests in stochastic processes, mathematical modeling, free boundary problems, and control theory.

Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at Ohio State University.
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December

Dirk van Dalen (b. 1932 )

Dutch mathematician and historian of science.
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Thomas Walter Bannerman Kibble (1932 – 2016)

British theoretical physicist, mainly working in quantum field theory, especially the interface between high-energy particle physics and cosmology.

Best known as one of the first to describe the Higgs mechanism, and for his research on topological defects.

From the 1950s was concerned about the nuclear arms race.

From 1970 took leading roles in promoting the social responsibility of the scientist.

Senior research investigator at the Blackett Laboratory and Emeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London.
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1933

Theodore William Gamelin (b. 1933 )

American mathematician who majors in analysis.
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Nils John Nilsson (b. 1933 )

American mathematician who was one of the founders in the field of artificial intelligence.
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February

Uta Caecilia Merzbach (b. 1933 )

German-born American historian of mathematics.
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May

Chen Jingrun (1933 – 1996)

Chinese mathematician who made significant inroads into Goldbach's Conjecture by proving what is now referred to as Chen's Theorem.
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July

Stephen Hoel Schanuel (1933 – 2014)

American mathematician working in the fields of abstract algebra and category theory, number theory, and measure theory.

Known for Schanuel's Conjecture.
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Ciprian Ilie Foiaș (b. 1933 )

Romanian mathematician awarded for his contributions in operator theory.
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August

Triloki Nath Bhargava (1933 – 2017)

Indian mathematician working mainly in the field of statistics.

Known for his work on permutable primes.
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1934

Azriel Levy (b. 1934 )

Israeli mathematician and logician.

Professor emeritus at the University of Jerusalem.

Worked on several results investigating the Axiom of Choice.
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January

Charles Antony Richard Hoare (b. 1934 )

British mathematician and computer scientist best known for devising the Quicksort algorithm.
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February

Niklaus Emil Wirth (b. 1934 )

Swiss computer scientist, best known for designing several programming languages, including Pascal, and for pioneering several classic topics in software engineering.
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April

Paul Joseph Cohen (1934 – 2007)

American mathematician working in logic and set theory.

Best known for his work on the Continuum Hypothesis.
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August

Simon Bernhard Kochen (b. 1934 )

Belgian-born American mathematician, working in the fields of model theory, number theory and quantum mechanics.
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November

William Gilbert Strang (b. 1934 )

Known as Gilbert Strang or Gil Strang, an American mathematician with contributions to finite element theory, the calculus of variations, wavelet analysis and linear algebra.
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1935

Robert B. Ash (1935 – 2015)

American mathematician working in various areas, including Information Theory and Discrete Mathematics
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Nicolas Bourbaki (established 1935 )

Nicolas Bourbaki is the name given to a group of (mainly) French mathematicians whose aim was to present an account of the entirety of modern mathematics, with an emphasis on rigour and generality.
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Ryszard Engelking (b. 1935 )

Polish mathematician, working mainly on general topology and dimension theory.
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September

Hillel Furstenberg (b. 1935 )

Hillel (Harry) Furstenberg (Hebrew: הלל (הארי) פורסטנברג‎) is an Israeli mathematician famous for his proof, using techniques from topology, on the infinitude of primes.
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October

Ronald Lewis Graham (b. 1935 )

American mathematician famous for his work in the field of Ramsey theory.

Notable for introducing Graham's number, the largest number ever yet encountered in mathematics.

Popularized the concept of the Erdős number.

Husband of Fan Chung Graham, friend and colleague of Paul Erdős.
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November

Anthony N. Michel (b. 1935 )

Romanian-born mathematician now American, whose main contributions have been in the field of aerospace engineering.
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1936

Peter C. Fishburn (b. 1936 )

American statistician known as a pioneer in the field of decision-making processes.
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Howard E. Sturgis (1936 – 1990)

American mathematician and computer scientist.

Co-designer (with John C. Shepherdson) of the Unlimited Register Machine, a refinement of the Turing machine.
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February

Peter John Freyd (b. 1936 )

American mathematician known for work in category theory.
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Władysław Narkiewicz (b.1936 )

Polish mathematician known for his work in algebraic number theory, algebra and mathematical history.
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March

Thomas William Hungerford (1936 – 2014)

American mathematician working in algebra and mathematics education.
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April

Roshdi Rashed (b. 1936 )

Egyptian mathematician, philosopher and historian whose focus is on the mathematics of the medieval Arabic world.
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Herbert Bruce Enderton (1936 – 2010)

American mathematician best known for his textbooks in mathematical logic and set theory.

Also a popular educational contributor to various usenet groups.
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Malcolm E. Lines (b. 1936 )

British mathematician and metallurgist known for his popular books on mathematics.
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May

John Mackintosh Howie (1936 – 2011)

Scottish mathematician whose specialty was semigroups.
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Nobuyuki Yoshigahara (1936 – 2004)

Japanese inventor, collector, solver, and communicator of puzzles.
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June

Robert W Floyd (1936 – 2001)

American computer scientist, who was active in discrete mathematics.

Noted for his work on parsing.

Introduced the concept of error diffusion for rendering images.

Pioneered the field of program verification using logical assertions. This contributed to what later became Hoare logic.
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July

Stefan Oscar Walter Hildebrandt (1936 – 2005)

German mathematician concerned mainly with the calculus of variations and nonlinear partial differential equations.
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August

Gary Theodore Chartrand (b. 1936 )

American mathematician who specializes in graph theory.

He is known for his textbooks on introductory graph theory and for the concept of a highly irregular graph.
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December

Howard Jerome Keisler (b. 1936 )

American mathematician whose research has included model theory and non-standard analysis.
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Bernd Fischer (b. 1936 )

German mathematician best known to his contributions to the classification of finite simple groups.

Discovered several of the sporadic groups:

Introduced 3-transposition groups
Constructed the three Fischer groups
Described the Baby Monster and computed its character table
Predicted the existence of the Fischer-Griess Monster.


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1937

Peter Bruce Andrews (b. 1937 )

American mathematician best known for creating the TPS automated theorem prover.
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Wilfrid Keller (b. 1937 )

German mathematician best known for his activity in number theory, including the hunt for titanic primes.
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January

Underwood Dudley (b. 1937 )

American mathematician best known for his popular writing.
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James Burton Ax (1937 – 2006)

American mathematician who proved several results in algebra and number theory by using model theory.
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February

Yuri Ivanovitch Manin (b. 1937 )

Russian-born mathematician, known for work in algebraic geometry and diophantine geometry.

Also known for the colossal breadth of published works.
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April

David Herbert Fowler (1937 – 2004)

British historian of mathematics whose thesis concerned the study of ratios as used in ancient Greece before the work of Eudoxus of Cnidus.
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May

Robert Butler Wilson (b. 1937 )

American economist known for his contributions to management science and business economics.
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June

Vladimir Igorevich Arnold (1937 – 2010)

In Russian: Влади́мир И́горевич Арно́льд.

Soviet Russian mathematician who made important contributions in several areas including dynamical systems theory, catastrophe theory, topology, algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, differential equations, classical mechanics and singularity theory.

Best known for the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser Theorem regarding the stability of integrable systems,
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July

William Robert Alford (1937 – 2003)

American mathematician who worked in the field of number theory.
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October

Alexander Hurwitz (b. 1937 )

American mathematician who found the $19$th and $20$th Mersenne primes $2^{4253} - 1$ and $2^{4423} - 1$ in $1961$.
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December

Barry Charles Mazur (b. 1937 )

American mathematician who has worked in geometric topology and arithmetic topology.
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John Horton Conway (b. 1937 )

British-born mathematician noted for his work in group theory and recreational mathematics.

Inventor of The Game of Life.
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1938

Robert Berger (b. 1938 )

American mathematician known for devising the first aperiodic tiling, using a set of $20 \ 426$ distinct tile shapes.
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J. Arthur Seebach (1938 – 1996)

J. Arthur Seebach, Jr. was an American mathematician best known for the groundbreaking Counterexamples in Topology which he co-authored with Lynn Arthur Steen, "... a counterexample to the view, widespread at the time, that undergraduates could neither do nor even contribute to research in mathematics."[1].

An early advocate for introducing computers into the educational curriculum.
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Charles Coffin Sims (b. 1938 )

American mathematician active in the field of group theory.

With Donald G. Higman, discovered the Higman-Sims Group.

Developed software leading up to the discovery of the Lyons Group (also known as Lyons-Sims Group) and O'Nan Group (also known as O'Nan-Sims Group).
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January

Donald Ervin Knuth (b. 1938 )

Pronounced K-Nooth.

Hugely influential American computer scientist famous for his multi-volume The Art of Computer Programming, still famously a work in progress.

The "father of analysis of algorithms".

Pioneered research and design of the representation of mathematics via computer.[2] Author of Computers and Typesetting, another multi-volume work.
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Yiannis Nicholas Moschovakis (b. 1938 )

In Greek: Γιάννης Μοσχοβάκης.

Greek mathematician known for his work in the fields of set theory, descriptive set theory and recursion theory.
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February

Ian Mueller (1938 – 2010)

American scholar of ancient Greek philosophy of science and the reception of Plato and Aristotle in late antiquity.
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March

James David McCawley (1938 – 1999)

Scots-born American linguist with a training in mathematics.

His main contribution to mathematics has been his excellent translations of mathematics textbooks into English.
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July

Richard Mansfield Dudley (b. 1938 )

American mathematician whose main fields of study are real analysis and probability theory.
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August

Dominic James Anthony Welsh!b. 1938

Mathematician:Dominic James Anthony Welsh!b. 1938
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December

George Eyre Andrews (b. 1938 )

American mathematician best known for his work in number theory.

Famous for discovering Srīnivāsa Aiyangār Rāmānujan's Lost Notebook in 1976.
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Lorraine Lois Foster (b. 1938 )

American mathematician working in number theory and the theory of mathematical symmetry.

First woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics from California Institute of Technology.
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1939

John Bligh Conway (b. 1939 )

American mathematician best known for his comprehensive books on functional and complex analysis.
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David Breyer Singmaster (b. 1939 )

American mathematician best known for his work in the field of recreational mathematics, in particular Rubik's cube.
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May

Brian Hartley (1939 – 1994)

British mathematician mainly noted for his work in group theory.

Best remembered by undergraduates for his much-cited textbook Rings, Modules and Linear Algebra (1970) which he cowrote with Trevor Hawkes.

A student of Philip Hall, and a tutor of Ian Stewart.
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August

John Chukwuemeka Amazigo (b. 1939 )

Nigerian mathematician specialsing in education.
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Alan Baker (b. 1939 )

British mathematician whose main area of work has been in finding effective methods for number theory.
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October

Neil James Alexander Sloane (b. 1939 )

British mathematician whose major contributions are in the fields of combinatorics, error-correcting codes, and sphere packing.

Best known for being the creator and maintainer of the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS).
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December

Stephen Arthur Cook (b. 1939 )

American mathematician and computer scientist who has made considerable progress in the field of complexity theory.
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1940

Charles Chapman Pugh (b. 1940 )

American mathematician who specializes in dynamic systems.
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Alexander G. Ramm (b. 1940 )

Russian-born American mathematician who specializes in differential and integral equations, operator theory, ill-posed and inverse problems, scattering theory, functional analysis, spectral theory, numerical analysis, theoretical electrical engineering, signal estimation, and tomography.
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David Wells (b. 1940 )

British populist of mathematics best known for his various "curious and interesting" dictionaries.
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May

Michael David Spivak (b. 1940 )

American mathematician specializing in differential geometry.

Also noted for his textbooks.
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June

Daniel Gray Quillen (1940 – 2011)

American mathematician mainly working in the field of algebraic topology.
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September

George Stephen Boolos (1940 – 1996)

American philosopher who also worked in the field of mathematical logic.
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Elwyn Ralph Berlekamp (b. 1940 )

American mathematician and computer scientist famous for his contributions towards game theory.

Also the innovator of several computer algorithms.
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Kenneth George Binmore (b. 1940 )

British mathematician, economist, and game theorist.

Awarded CBE in 2001 for his contributions to game theory and his role in 3G telecommunications.
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November

Enrico Bombieri (b. 1940 )

Italian mathematician known for his work in analytic number theory, algebraic geometry, univalent functions, theory of several complex variables, partial differential equations of minimal surfaces, and the theory of finite groups
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December

Peter Michael Neumann (b. 1940 )

British mathematician working mainly in the field of group theory.

Famous for solving Alhazen's Problem in 1997.

Son of Bernhard Hermann Neumann and Hanna Neumann.
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$1941$ – $1950$

1941

John M. Pollard (b. 1941 )

British mathematician who has invented algorithms for the factorization of large numbers and for the calculation of discrete logarithms.
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January

Lynn Arthur Steen (1941 – 2015)

American mathematician best known for the groundbreaking Counterexamples in Topology which he co-authored with J. Arthur Seebach, Jr..
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March

Gyula O. H. Katona (b. 1941 )

Hungarian mathematician best known for his work in the field of combinatorial set theory.

Proved the Erdős-Ko-Rado Theorem.

Father of Gyula Y. Katona, who works in similar fields.
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May

David Orme Tall (b. 1941 )

British mathematician mainly working in the field of educational psychology.

Also known for the books he has co-written with Ian Stewart.
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Wilfrid Augustine Hodges (b. 1941 )

British mathematician known for his work in model theory.
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Joel William Robbin (b. 1941 )

American mathematician specialising in mathematical logic and matrix algebra.
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June

Viorel P. Barbu (b. 1941 )

Romanian mathematician, active in the field of topology.
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August

Alexander Keewatin Dewdney (b. 1941 )

Canadian mathematician, computer scientist and philosopher.

Between 1984 and 1993, he took over from Douglas Hofstadter the task of writing the Metamagical Themas column in Scientific American, which he renamed to Computer Recreations, then Mathematical Recreations.
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September

Teodor Precupanu (b. 1941 )

Romanian mathematician, active in the field of topology.
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October

Roland Edwin Larson (b. 1941 )

Roland Edwin ("Ron") Larson is an American professor of mathematics, best known for the widely-used books (covering all levels from from pre-school to college) written by him, often in collaboration.
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1942

Robert James McEliece (b. 1942 )

American mathematician and engineering professor best known for his work in information theory.
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January

Joseph Anthony Gallian (b. 1942 )

American mathematician who has been awarded for the quality of his teaching.
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Stephen William Hawking (b. 1942 )

British mathematician, physicist and cosmologist best known for his works of popular science.
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Melvin Fitting (b. 1942 )

American mathematician specialising in logic.
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May

Eberhard Freitag (b. 1942 )

German mathematician known for his work in function theory and modular forms.
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October

Alfred S. Posamentier (b. 1942 )

American educator, writer and commentator on American mathematics and science education.
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1943

Robert Everist Greene (b. 1943 )

American mathematician whose main area of work is in differential geometry.
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Anders Vretblad (b. 1943 )

Swedish mathematician known as the writer of the books Algebra och Kombinatorik and Fourier Analysis and its Applications.
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April

Ralph William Gosper, Jr. (b. 1943 )

American mathematician and pioneering computer programmer.

Considered by some to be one of the founders of the hacker community.
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June

Edmund Frederick Robertson (b. 1943 )

Scots mathematician currently a Professor of Mathematics at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

He is one of the owners of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive along with John J. O'Connor.
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July

Hugh Cowie Williams (b. 1943 )

Canadian mathematician working mainly in number theory and cryptography.
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August

Herbert Kenneth Kunen (b. 1943 )

American mathematician, better known as Kenneth Kunen, working in set theory.
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Béla Bollobás (b. 1943 )

Hungarian mathematician, now British, who has worked in various areas of mathematics, including functional analysis, combinatorics, graph theory, and percolation.
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December

Robin James Wilson (b. 1943 )

British mathematician whose academic interests lie in graph theory, particularly in colouring problems, e.g. the four colour problem, and algebraic properties of graphs.
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Nicholas Michael Katz (b. 1943 )

American mathematician working in the fields of algebraic geometry, particularly on p-adic methods, monodromy and moduli problems, and number theory.
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1944

Carl Bernard Pomerance (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in number theory.
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Vaughan Ronald Pratt (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in computer science.
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January

Thomas J. Jech (b. 1944 )

Czech-born mathematician (born Tomáš Jech) who specializes in set theory.
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May

Per H. Enflo (b. 1944 )

Swedish mathematician who has solved fundamental problems in functional analysis.
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June

Christian Berg (b. 1944 )

Danish mathematician, currently a professor at the University of Copenhagen.
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Bailey Whitfield Diffie (b. 1944 )

American mathematician and cryptographer.

One of the pioneers of public-key cryptography

Inventor with Martin Edward Hellman of the trapdoor function.
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July

Ernő Rubik (b. 1944 )

Hungarian inventor and architect best known for inventing Rubik's cube.
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August

Hugh Lowell Montgomery (b. 1944 )

American mathematician best known for his work in analytic number theory and mathematical analysis.
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October

Melvyn Bernard Nathanson (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in, particularly additive and combinatorial, number theory.
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December

Mitchell Jay Feigenbaum (b. 1944 )

American mathematical physicist whose pioneering studies in chaos theory led to the discovery of the Feigenbaum constants.
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1945

Robert Louis Griess, Jr. (b. 1945 )

American mathematician working on finite simple groups and vertex algebras.

Constructed the Fischer-Griess Monster using the Griess algebra.
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Edward M. Reingold (b. 1945 )

American computer scientist active in the fields of algorithms, data structures, graph drawing, and calendrical calculations.
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January

Persi Warren Diaconis (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and former professional magician of Greek descent, best known for tackling mathematical problems involving randomness and randomization, such as coin flipping and shuffling playing cards.
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February

Donald John Roberts (b. 1945 )

Canadian-American economist, whose research focuses on the design, governance and management of organizations, especially in an international context.
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Douglas Richard Hofstadter (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and philosopher most noted for the books he has written.

In particular, famous for being the author of Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid.

Between 1981 and 1983, he took over from Martin Gardner the task of writing the Mathematical Games column in Scientific American, which he renamed to Metamagical Themas.
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Samuel Standfield Wagstaff Jr. (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and computer scientist, whose research interests are in the areas of cryptography, parallel computation, and analysis of algorithms, especially number theoretic algorithms.
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March

Robert Charles Vaughan (b. 1945 )

Bob Vaughan is a British mathematician whose main work is in analytic number theory.
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April

Martin Golubitsky (b. 1945 )

Marty Golubitsky is an American mathematician specialising in mathematical biosciences.
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June

Timothy Poston (b. 1945 )

British mathematician and physicist best known for work in catastrophe theory.

Also the scientific and mathematical advisor to Genesis P-Orridge.
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July

John J. O'Connor (b. 1945 )

English-born mathematician who has worked in the fields of topology and computational algebra.

He is one of the owners of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive along with Edmund F. Robertson.
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September

Ian Nicholas Stewart (b. 1945 )

English mathematician who has made considerable contributions to the field of catastrophe theory.

He is more famous, however, as a popular writer and publicist of mathematics.

As one of the contributors to the Science of Discworld series, he was created an honorary Wizard of Unseen University.
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October

Martin Edward Hellman (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and cryptographer.

One of the pioneers of public-key cryptography

Inventor with Bailey Whitfield Diffie and Ralph C. Merkle of the technique of public key cryptography.
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December

Ian Fraser Kilmister (1945 – 2015)

English rock musician better known as Lemmy.

Notable for writing the only song in rock music with the word parallelogram in its lyrics.
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Leonard Max Adleman (b. 1945 )

American cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.

Successfully used DNA as a computation technique.

Supposed to have coined the term virus in the context of computer programs.
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1946

David John Acheson (b. 1946 )

English mathematician best known for his book 1089 and all that.
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March

Patrick Michael Fitzpatrick (b. 1946 )

Irish-born mathematician, now working in the U.S., mainly working in the fields of Analysis and Topology.
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Rudolf von Bitter Rucker (b. 1946 )

Rudy Rucker is an American mathematician, computer scientist, science fiction author and philosopher.

Best known (in the field of mathematics) for his work Infinity and the Mind.
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April

Richard Peirce Brent (b. 1946 )

Australian mathematician and computer scientist, whose research interests include number theory (in particular factorisation), random number generators, computer architecture, and analysis of algorithms.
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May

Charalambos Dionisios Aliprantis (b. 1946 )

In Greek: Χαράλαμπος Διονύσιος Αλιπράντης. Known informally as Roko Aliprantis.

Greek-American economist and mathematician who introduced Banach space and Riesz space methods in economic theory.
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September

Jean-Marc Deshouillers (b. 1946 )

French mathematician specializing in analytic number theory.
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October

William Paul Thurston (1946 – 2012)

American mathematician who specialised in low-dimensional topology.

Won the Fields Medal in 1982 for his work on $3$-manifolds.
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December

Ingmar Lehmann (b. 1946 )

German mathematician, university lecturer and non-fiction author.
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Andrew Chi-Chih Yao (b. 1946 )

Chinese-American computer scientist and computational theorist.
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1947

Mariano Giaquinta (b. 1947 )

Italian mathematician mainly known for his contributions to the fields of calculus of variations and regularity theory of partial differential equation.
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January

Hermanus Johannes Joseph te Riele (b. 1947 )

Dutch mathematician specializing in computational number theory.

Proving the correctness of the Riemann Hypothesis for the first $1.5$ billion non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function, with Jan van de Lune and Dik Winter.

Disproved the Mertens Conjecture, with Andrew Michael Odlyzko.

Known for factoring large numbers of world record size.

Found a new upper bound for $\pi \left({x}\right) - Li \left({x}\right)$.
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February

Michel Criton (b. 1947 )

French mathematician who has written a number of books on recreational mathematics.
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March

Yuri Vladimirovich Matiyasevich (b. 1947 )

Russian mathematician (Ю́рий Влади́мирович Матиясе́вич) most famous for proving that Hilbert's Tenth Problem is Unsolvable.
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Keith J. Devlin (b. 1947 )

English author and publicist of mathematics.
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May

Ronald Linn Rivest (b. 1947 )

American cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.

Also well-known for being one of the contributors to 1990: Thomas H. CormenCharles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest: Introduction to Algorithms.
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September

Peter Lawrence Montgomery (b. 1947 )

American mathematician whose specialty is cryptography.
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November

Gregory John Chaitin (b. 1947 )

Argentinian-American mathematician active mainly in computability theory and metamathematics.
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December

William Wade Dunham (b. 1947 )

American mathematician specialising in topology.

Later became interested in the history of mathematics, particularly that concerning Leonhard Euler.
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Richard E. Crandall (1947 – 2012)

American physicist and computer scientist who made contributions to computational number theory.
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1948

Mordechai Ben-Ari (b. 1948 )

Mordechai ("Moti") Ben-Ari is an Israeli mathematician best known for his work in mathematical logic and computer science.
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Michael R. Genesereth (b. 1948 )

American professor of computer science.
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Richard Schroeppel (b. 1948 )

American mathematician whose research has included magic squares, elliptic curves and cryptography..
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February

Ian Chiswell (b. 1948 )

British mathematician whose main area of research is geometric group theory, especially the theory of trees.

Other interests have included cohomology of groups and ordered groups.
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April

Paul Robert Milgrom (b. 1948 )

American economist who is also an expert in game theory, specifically auction theory and pricing strategies.

Co-creator of the No-Trade Theorem with Nancy Stokey.
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August

David Harold Bailey (b. 1948 )

American mathematician and computer scientist best known as the co-creator (with Peter Benjamin Borwein and Simon Plouffe) of the BBP Algorithm.
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September

Gaston Henry Gonnet (b. 1948 )

Uruguayan Canadian computer scientist and entrepreneur.

Best known for his contributions to the Maple computer algebra system and the creation of an electronic version of the Oxford English Dictionary.
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November

Leonid Anatolievich Levin (b. 1948 )

Soviet-American computer scientist best known for his exposition of what is now known as the Cook-Levin Theorem.
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1949

Robert Ian Goldblatt (b. 1949 )

Mathematical logician from New Zealand, most famous for his work on topoi.

Author of the popular book Logics of Time and Computation.

Also the author of a graduate level textbook on hyperreal numbers which is an introduction to nonstandard analysis.
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Lee Vernon Stiff (b. 1949 )

American mathematician working mainly in the field of mathematics education research.

Author and co-author of several mathematics textbooks.
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Boris Iosifovich Zilber (b. 1949 )

English mathematician of Russian origin known for his research in mathematical logic, mainly from model theory.
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March

Aleksandar Ivić (b. 1949 )

Serbian mathematician notable for his work on the Riemann Zeta function.
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April

Hendrik Willem Lenstra Jr. (b. 1949 )

Dutch mathematician working principally in computational number theory.

Well known as the discoverer of the elliptic curve factorization method.

Co-discoverer of the Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász Lattice Basis Reduction Algorithm.

The Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics, a set of precise conjectures about the structure of class groups of quadratic fields, is named after him.
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July

Andrew Michael Odlyzko (b. 1949 )

Polish-American mathematician who has published extensively on analytic number theory, computational number theory, cryptography, algorithms and computational complexity, combinatorics, probability, and error-correcting codes..

Disproved the Mertens Conjecture, with Hermanus Johannes Joseph te Riele.
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October

Fan Chung Graham (b. 1949 )

Fan Rong K Chung Graham (金芳蓉, pinyin: Jīn Fāngróng) is a Taiwanese-American mathematician noted for her work in the areas of spectral graph theory, extremal graph theory and random graphs.

Generalized the Erdős-Rényi model.

Wife of Ronald Graham, friend and colleague of Paul Erdős.
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November

Lawrence Craig Evans (b. 1949 )

American mathematician whose research is in the field of nonlinear partial differential equations, primarily elliptic equations.
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1950

Hervé Moulin (b. 1950 )

French mathematician known for his research contributions in mathematical economics, in particular in the fields of mechanism design, social choice, game theory and fair division.
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September

Gerd Rudolph (b. 1950 )

German mathematician and physicist specialising in gauge theory.
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October

David Marc Kreps (b. 1950 )

American game theorist and economist, known for his analysis of dynamic choice models and non-cooperative game theory, particularly the idea of sequential equilibrium.
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December

Eric Stark Maskin (b. 1950 )

American economist who introduced the discipline of mechanism design theory.
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Geoffrey Richard Grimmett (b. 1950 )

English mathematician best known for his work in probability theory.
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$1951$ – $1960$

Stanley Wagon (b. 1951 )

Canadian-American economist, the author of multiple books on number theory, geometry, and computational mathematics.

Also known for his snow sculptures.
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1951

Lawrence Clinton Washington (b. 1951 )

American mathematician specializing in number theory.
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February

Steven George Krantz (b. 1951 )

American mathematician best known for his writing and teaching.
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March

Roger Bruce Myerson (b. 1951 )

American economist and political scientist.

Also active in the fields of game theory and mechanism design.
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April

Ariel Rubinstein (b. 1951 )

אריאל רובינשטיין is an Israeli mathematician Israeli economist who works in Economic Theory, Game Theory and Bounded Rationality .
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May

Jonathan Michael Borwein (1951 – 2016)

Scottish mathematician of varied accomplishments.

A public advocate of experimental mathematics, with David Harold Bailey.
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1952

Galen John Strawson (b. 1952 )

British analytic philosopher and literary critic working mainly on philosophy of mind and metaphysics, including free will, panpsychism, the mind-body problem, and the self.

Also writes on John Locke, David Hume, Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche.
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June

Robert Scott Rumely (b. 1952 )

American professor of mathematics specializing in number theory and arithmetic geometry.

He is one of the inventors of the Adleman-Pomerance-Rumely Primality Test.
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July

Adi Shamir (b. 1952 )

In Hebrew: עדי שמיר‎

Israeli cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.
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1953

Frits Beukers (b. 1953 )

Dutch mathematician, who works on number theory and hypergeometric functions.
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April

Andrew John Wiles (b. 1953 )

English mathematician famous for proving Fermat's Last Theorem, which he completed in 1994.
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May

Peter Benjamin Borwein (b. 1953 )

Scottish mathematician best known for his contribution towards the Bailey-Borwein-Plouffe Algorithm.
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David Elieser Deutsch (b. 1953 )

Israeli-born British physicist who pioneered the field of quantum computation by formulating a description for a quantum Turing machine.
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August

Jean Tirole (b. 1953 )

French professor of economics who focuses on industrial organization, game theory, banking and finance, and economics and psychology.
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November

Charles Eric Leiserson (b. 1953 )

American computer scientist, specializing in the theory of parallel computing and distributed computing.

Best known as the co-author of Introduction to Algorithms, along with Thomas H. Cormen, Ronald L. Rivest and Cliff Stein.
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Glenn H. Stevens (b. 1953 )

American mathematician and educator, whose research specialties are number theory, automorphic forms, and arithmetic geometry.
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1954

Oren Patashnik (b. 1954 )

American computer scientist best known for co-authoring Concrete Mathematics: A Foundation for Computer Science with Ronald L. Graham and Donald E. Knuth.
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Gerd Faltings (b. 1954 )

German mathematician known for his work in arithmetic algebraic geometry.
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1955

Michael Keith (b. 1955 )

American mathematician and software engineer, best known in the mathematical community for his work in the field of recreational mathematics.

Also known as the author of works of constrained writing.
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David Knudsen Levine (b. 1955 )

American economist working in game theory.
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March

Joseph Hillel Silverman (b. 1955 )

American mathematician whose work has been in number theory, arithmetic geometry, arithmetic dynamics and cryptography.
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November

David Allen Bayer (b. 1955 )

American mathematician known for his contributions in algebra and symbolic computation and for his consulting work in the movie industry.
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1956

Thomas H. Cormen (b. 1956 )

American mathematician and computer scientist, best known for being the co-author of Introduction to Algorithms, along with Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest and Cliff Stein.
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Peter M. Higgins (b. 1956 )

Australian mathematician specialising in algebraic semigroups.
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Douglas Robert Stinson (b. 1956 )

Canadian mathematician and cryptographer.
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March

Arjen Klaas Lenstra (b. 1956 )

Dutch mathematician active in cryptography and computational number theory, especially in areas such as integer factorization.

Co-discoverer of the Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász Lattice Basis Reduction Algorithm.
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Paul Hoffman (b. 1956 )

American author, science educator, food entrepreneur and occasional writer on mathematics.

Also a puzzlemaster under the pseudonym Dr. Crypton.
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June

Simon Plouffe (b. 1956 )

Canadian mathematician who discovered the formula for the BBP Algorithm which permits the computation of the $n$th binary digit of $\pi$.
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July

Eric Eleterius Coralie van Damme (b. 1956 )

Dutch economist known for his contributions to game theory.
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October

Colin Conrad Adams (b. 1956 )

American mathematician, humorist and prolific writer active in knot theory and topology.

Active in combating the too-common psychological condition of math anxiety.
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1957

March

Drew Fudenberg (b. 1957 )

American mathematician working on game theory, including equilibrium theory, learning in games, and evolutionary game theory.
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August

Clifford Alan Pickover (b. 1957 )

American mathematician whose main research area is fractals.

Also a prolific popular writer on several topics.
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November

George F. Woltman (b. 1957 )

American mathematician and computer scientist who is the founder of the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS).
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1958

Robert Arnott Wilson (b. 1958 )

English mathematician best known for his work on classifying the maximal subgroups of finite simple groups and for the work in the Monster group.
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May

Mark Steven Manasse (b. 1958 )

American computer scientist and mathematician who works in the field of algorithmic number theory

Part of the team which factorised the $9$th Fermat number.
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July

Kate Bush (b. 1958 )

English musician and composer whose contribution to mathematics was to compose a piece called $\pi$ which contains (inaccurately) the first 150 or so digits of its decimal expansion.
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October

Christian Friedrich Krattenthaler (b. 1958 )

Austrian mathematician working mainly in the field of discrete mathematics with a focus on combinatorics.
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1959

Joan-Vicenç Gómez i Urgellés (b. 1959 )

Spanish mathematician best known for being the author of several books.
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August

Stephen Wolfram (b. 1959 )

English mathematician best known for being the name behind Mathematica.

Much of his work has been in the field of cellular automata.
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1960

Ariel T. Glenn (b. 1960 )

American mathematician and software engineer best noted for finding the Mersenne prime $M_{21 \, 701}$, alongside Landon Curt Noll, while still at high school.
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October

Landon Curt Noll (b. 1960 )

American mathematician best noted for finding the two Mersenne primes $M_{21\ 701}$ and $M_{23\ 209}$ while still at high school (the first together with Laura Ariel Nickel, now Ariel T. Glenn).
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December

Carol Jean Vorderman (b. 1960 )

British mathematically literate TV presenter best known for having presented Countdown for 26 years.

Has intensive involvement in the British government's initiative to improve the mathematical literacy of school students. Whether you consider this as a point in her favour or against her depends on how cynically you view the government of the United Kingdom. It is worth pointing out that the website presented in her name has had a mixed reception.

A 3rd-class degree from Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge is known as a Vorderman in her honour.
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Matt Westwood (b. 1960 )

British amateur mathematician best known for the discovery of Westwood's Puzzle.

One of the more tedious practitioners of the modern tendency towards Bourbakism.
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$1961$ – $1970$

1961

Kenneth Keeler (b. 1961 )

Kenneth "Ken" Keeler is an American mathematician who passes the time between theorems writing episodes of Futurama.

The Futurama episode The Prisoner of Benda features an application of what we on $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ are going to call the Futurama Theorem. Who said permutation theory was boring?
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John Carlos Baez (b. 1961 )

American mathematician and physicist known for his work in spin foams in loop quantum gravity.

Also known for his writings on octonions and higher-order Clifford algebras.
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1962

April

Rafael Lahoz-Beltra (b. 1962 )

Spanish mathematician known for the invention of electronic enzyme.
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September

Andrew James Granville (b. 1962 )

British professor of mathematics working mainly in number theory.
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1963

1964

1965

August

Marcus du Sautoy (b. 1965 )

Marcus Peter Francis du Sautoy is a British professor of mathematics best known for his authorship of popular mathematical works.

Also a TV presenter.
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December

Gyula Y. Katona (b. 1965 )

Hungarian mathematician working mainly in graph theory.

The son of Gyula O. H. Katona.
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Clifford Seth Stein (b. 1965 )

American computer scientist and professor of industrial engineering and operations research.

Well-known as one of the contributors to later editions of Introduction to Algorithms, along with Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest .
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1966

June

Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman (b. 1966 )

Russian mathematician famous for solving Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture, and hence completing the proof of the Poincaré Conjecture.
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August

Noam David Elkies (b. 1966 )

American mathematician and chess master.

With Arthur Oliver Lonsdale Atkin, extended Schoof's Algorithm to create the Schoof-Elkies-Atkin Algorithm.

Found the first known counterexample to Euler's Quartic Conjecture.
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1967

Joel Armengaud (b. 1967 )

Frenchman who found the Mersenne prime $M_{1\ 398\ 269}$.
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1968

1969

1970

$1971$ – $1980$

Jordan Stuart Ellenberg (b. 1971 )

American mathematician working mainly within arithmetic geometry.
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Danica Mae McKellar (b. 1975 )

American mathematician better known as an actor.

Also known for her books aimed specifically at middle-school and high-school girls to increase their confidence in mathematics.
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Maryam Mirzakhani (1977 – 2017)

Iranian mathematician notable for being the first female recipient of the Fields Medal.

Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
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Nathaniel Read Silver (b. 1978 )

American statistician and writer who analyzes baseball and elections.

Famous for successfully calling the outcomes in 49 of the 50 states in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election.
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$1981$ and on

Victoria Hart (b. 1988 )

American mathematician best known for the videos she has published on YouTube under the name Vi Hart.
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Daniel Robert Page (b. 1989 )

Canadian mathematician, computer scientist and algorithmist.

Creator of Page's Algorithm.
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References

  1. In Memorium: J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.: Lynn Arthur Steen.
  2. It is impossible accurately to assess the impact of $\TeX$ on the ability to communicate mathematics via computer. This website would not have been possible without it.