# Mathematician:Mathematicians/Sorted By Birth/1931 + CE

For more comprehensive information on the lives and works of mathematicians through the ages, see the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, created by John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson.

*The army of those who have made at least one definite contribution to mathematics as we know it soon becomes a mob as we look back over history; 6,000 or 8,000 names press forward for some word from us to preserve them from oblivion, and once the bolder leaders have been recognised it becomes largely a matter of arbitrary, illogical legislation to judge who of the clamouring multitude shall be permitted to survive and who be condemned to be forgotten.'*- -- Eric Temple Bell:
*Men of Mathematics*, 1937, Victor Gollancz, London

- -- Eric Temple Bell:

## Contents

- 1 $1931$ – $1940$
- 1.1 1931
- 1.2 1932
- 1.3 1933
- 1.4 1934
- 1.5 1935
- 1.6 1936
- 1.7 1937
- 1.8 1938
- 1.9 1939
- 1.10 1940

- 2 $1941$ – $1950$
- 2.1 1941
- 2.2 1942
- 2.3 1943
- 2.4 1944
- 2.5 1945
- 2.6 1946
- 2.7 1947
- 2.8 1948
- 2.9 1949
- 2.10 1950

- 3 $1951$ – $1960$
- 3.1 Stanley Wagon (b. 1951 )
- 3.2 1951
- 3.3 1952
- 3.4 1953
- 3.5 1954
- 3.6 1955
- 3.7 1956
- 3.8 1957
- 3.9 1958
- 3.10 1959
- 3.11 1960

- 4 $1961$ – $1970$
- 5 $1971$ – $1980$
- 6 $1981$ and on
- 7 References

## $1931$ – $1940$

### 1931

##### Kenneth Myron Hoffman (c. 1931 – 2008)

American mathematician whose primary area of research specialization was functional analysis.
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##### Henri J. Nussbaumer (b. 1931 )

French mathematician and engineer who has written a few works on the fast fourier transform.
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##### Daniel Leonid Slotnick (1931 – 1985)

American mathematician and computer architect who pioneered the concept of parallelism in computer architectures.

Chief architect of the Illiac IV supercomputer.
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#### February

##### John Willard Milnor (b. 1931 )

American mathematician best known for his work in differential topology.
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#### May

##### András Hajnal (1931 – 2016)

Hungarian mathematician best known for his work in known for his work in set theory and combinatorics.
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##### Hale Freeman Trotter (b. 1931 )

Canadian mathematician mainly working in number theory and knot theory.
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#### June

##### Rudolph Michael Najar (b. 1931 )

American mathematician with a research interest in elementary number theory.
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##### Herbert Saul Wilf (1931 – 2012)

American mathematician who specializes in combinatorics and graph theory.

He has made available certain of his works for free download.
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#### August

##### Roger Penrose (b. 1931 )

British physicist and mathematician renowned for his work in cosmology.

The creator of the Penrose tiles.
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#### September

##### John Winsor Pratt (b. 1931 )

American mathematician who has made contributions to research in risk aversion theory.
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#### December

##### Basil Gordon (1931 – 2012)

American mathematician specializing in number theory and combinatorics.

Worked with Wernher von Braun on the US's contribution to the Space Race.
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### 1932

##### Joseph F. Stephany (1932 – 2011)

American research scientist, and amateur chess player and mathematician.
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#### January

##### Harry Lewis Nelson (b. 1932 )

American mathematician and computer programmer.

Member of the team that won the World Computer Chess Championship in $1983$ and $1986$.

Co-discoverer with David Slowinski of the $27$th Mersenne prime $2^{44 \, 497} − 1$ in $1979$.

Editor of the *Journal of Recreational Mathematics* for five years.
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#### February

##### David Abram Antin (1932 – 2016)

American poet, critic and performance artist, who also translated various scientific and mathematical works.
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#### May

##### Solomon Wolf Golomb (1932 – 2016)

American mathematician, engineer and professor of electrical engineering at the University of Southern California, best known for his works on mathematical games.

Invented Cheskers in $1948$ and coined the name.

Fully described polyominoes and pentominoes in $1953$

Specialized in problems of combinatorial analysis, number theory, coding theory and communications.

His game of Pentomino inspired Tetris.
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#### September

##### Mizan Rahman (1932 – 2015)

Bangladeshi Canadian mathematician who specialized in fields of mathematics such as hypergeometric series and orthogonal polynomials.

Also had interests encompassing literature, philosophy, scientific skepticism, freethinking and rationalism.
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#### October

##### Karl Heinrich Hofmann (b. 1932 )

German mathematician working in the fields of topological algebra and functional analysis, especially topological groups and semigroups and Lie theory.
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##### Kenneth Ira Appel (1932 – 2013)

American mathematician who in 1976, along with Wolfgang Haken, proved the Four Color Theorem with the help of a computer.
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##### Dana Stewart Scott (b. 1932 )

American computer scientist, logician and philosopher.
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##### John Griggs Thompson (b. 1932 )

American mathematician noted for his work in the field of finite groups.
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#### November

##### Avner Friedman (b. 1932 )

Israeli-born mathematician, whose primary field of research is partial differential equations, with interests in stochastic processes, mathematical modeling, free boundary problems, and control theory.

Distinguished Professor of Mathematics and Physical Sciences at Ohio State University.
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#### December

##### Dirk van Dalen (b. 1932 )

Dutch mathematician and historian of science.
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##### Thomas Walter Bannerman Kibble (1932 – 2016)

British theoretical physicist, mainly working in quantum field theory, especially the interface between high-energy particle physics and cosmology.

Best known as one of the first to describe the Higgs mechanism, and for his research on topological defects.

From the 1950s was concerned about the nuclear arms race.

From 1970 took leading roles in promoting the social responsibility of the scientist.

Senior research investigator at the Blackett Laboratory and Emeritus Professor of Theoretical Physics at Imperial College London.
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### 1933

##### Theodore William Gamelin (b. 1933 )

American mathematician who majors in analysis.
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##### Nils John Nilsson (b. 1933 )

American mathematician who was one of the founders in the field of artificial intelligence.
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#### February

##### Uta Caecilia Merzbach (b. 1933 )

German-born American historian of mathematics.
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#### May

##### Chen Jingrun (1933 – 1996)

Chinese mathematician who made significant inroads into Goldbach's Conjecture by proving what is now referred to as Chen's Theorem.
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#### July

##### Stephen Hoel Schanuel (1933 – 2014)

American mathematician working in the fields of abstract algebra and category theory, number theory, and measure theory.

Known for Schanuel's Conjecture.
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##### Ciprian Ilie Foiaș (b. 1933 )

Romanian mathematician awarded for his contributions in operator theory.
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#### August

##### Triloki Nath Bhargava (1933 – 2017)

Indian mathematician working mainly in the field of statistics.

Known for his work on permutable primes.
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### 1934

##### Azriel Levy (b. 1934 )

Israeli mathematician and logician.

Professor emeritus at the University of Jerusalem.

Worked on several results investigating the Axiom of Choice.
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#### January

##### Charles Antony Richard Hoare (b. 1934 )

British mathematician and computer scientist best known for devising the Quicksort algorithm.
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#### February

##### Niklaus Emil Wirth (b. 1934 )

Swiss computer scientist, best known for designing several programming languages, including Pascal, and for pioneering several classic topics in software engineering.
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#### April

##### Paul Joseph Cohen (1934 – 2007)

American mathematician working in logic and set theory.

Best known for his work on the Continuum Hypothesis.
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#### August

##### Simon Bernhard Kochen (b. 1934 )

Belgian-born American mathematician, working in the fields of model theory, number theory and quantum mechanics.
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#### November

##### William Gilbert Strang (b. 1934 )

Known as **Gilbert Strang** or **Gil Strang**, an American mathematician with contributions to finite element theory, the calculus of variations, wavelet analysis and linear algebra.
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### 1935

##### Robert B. Ash (1935 – 2015)

American mathematician working in various areas, including Information Theory and Discrete Mathematics
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##### Nicolas Bourbaki (established 1935 )

**Nicolas Bourbaki** is the name given to a group of (mainly) French mathematicians whose aim was to present an account of the entirety of modern mathematics, with an emphasis on rigour and generality.
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##### Ryszard Engelking (b. 1935 )

Polish mathematician, working mainly on general topology and dimension theory.
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#### September

##### Hillel Furstenberg (b. 1935 )

**Hillel (Harry) Furstenberg** (Hebrew: **הלל** (**הארי**) **פורסטנברג**) is an Israeli mathematician famous for his proof, using techniques from topology, on the infinitude of primes.
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#### October

##### Ronald Lewis Graham (b. 1935 )

American mathematician famous for his work in the field of Ramsey theory.

Notable for introducing Graham's number, the largest number ever yet encountered in mathematics.

Popularized the concept of the Erdős number.

Husband of Fan Chung Graham, friend and colleague of Paul Erdős.
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#### November

##### Anthony N. Michel (b. 1935 )

Romanian-born mathematician now American, whose main contributions have been in the field of aerospace engineering.
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### 1936

##### Peter C. Fishburn (b. 1936 )

American statistician known as a pioneer in the field of decision-making processes.
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##### Howard E. Sturgis (1936 – 1990)

American mathematician and computer scientist.

Co-designer (with John C. Shepherdson) of the Unlimited Register Machine, a refinement of the Turing machine.
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#### February

##### Peter John Freyd (b. 1936 )

American mathematician known for work in category theory.
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##### Władysław Narkiewicz (b.1936 )

Polish mathematician known for his work in algebraic number theory, algebra and mathematical history.
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#### March

##### Thomas William Hungerford (1936 – 2014)

American mathematician working in algebra and mathematics education.
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#### April

##### Roshdi Rashed (b. 1936 )

Egyptian mathematician, philosopher and historian whose focus is on the mathematics of the medieval Arabic world.
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##### Herbert Bruce Enderton (1936 – 2010)

American mathematician best known for his textbooks in mathematical logic and set theory.

Also a popular educational contributor to various usenet groups.
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##### Malcolm E. Lines (b. 1936 )

British mathematician and metallurgist known for his popular books on mathematics.
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#### May

##### John Mackintosh Howie (1936 – 2011)

Scottish mathematician whose specialty was semigroups.
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##### Nobuyuki Yoshigahara (1936 – 2004)

Japanese inventor, collector, solver, and communicator of puzzles.
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#### June

##### Robert W Floyd (1936 – 2001)

American computer scientist, who was active in discrete mathematics.

Noted for his work on parsing.

Introduced the concept of error diffusion for rendering images.

Pioneered the field of program verification using logical assertions. This contributed to what later became Hoare logic.
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#### July

##### Stefan Oscar Walter Hildebrandt (1936 – 2005)

German mathematician concerned mainly with the calculus of variations and nonlinear partial differential equations.
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#### August

##### Gary Theodore Chartrand (b. 1936 )

American mathematician who specializes in graph theory.

He is known for his textbooks on introductory graph theory and for the concept of a highly irregular graph.
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#### December

##### Howard Jerome Keisler (b. 1936 )

American mathematician whose research has included model theory and non-standard analysis.
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##### Bernd Fischer (b. 1936 )

German mathematician best known to his contributions to the classification of finite simple groups.

Discovered several of the sporadic groups:

- Introduced 3-transposition groups
- Constructed the three Fischer groups
- Described the Baby Monster and computed its character table
- Predicted the existence of the Fischer-Griess Monster.

### 1937

##### Peter Bruce Andrews (b. 1937 )

American mathematician best known for creating the TPS automated theorem prover.
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##### Wilfrid Keller (b. 1937 )

German mathematician best known for his activity in number theory, including the hunt for titanic primes.
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#### January

##### Underwood Dudley (b. 1937 )

American mathematician best known for his popular writing.
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##### James Burton Ax (1937 – 2006)

American mathematician who proved several results in algebra and number theory by using model theory.
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#### February

##### Yuri Ivanovitch Manin (b. 1937 )

Russian-born mathematician, known for work in algebraic geometry and diophantine geometry.

Also known for the colossal breadth of published works.
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#### April

##### David Herbert Fowler (1937 – 2004)

British historian of mathematics whose thesis concerned the study of ratios as used in ancient Greece before the work of Eudoxus of Cnidus.
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#### May

##### Robert Butler Wilson (b. 1937 )

American economist known for his contributions to management science and business economics.
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#### June

##### Vladimir Igorevich Arnold (1937 – 2010)

In Russian: **Влади́мир И́горевич Арно́льд**.

Soviet Russian mathematician who made important contributions in several areas including dynamical systems theory, catastrophe theory, topology, algebraic geometry, symplectic geometry, differential equations, classical mechanics and singularity theory.

Best known for the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser Theorem regarding the stability of integrable systems,
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#### July

##### William Robert Alford (1937 – 2003)

American mathematician who worked in the field of number theory.
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#### October

##### Alexander Hurwitz (b. 1937 )

American mathematician who found the $19$th and $20$th Mersenne primes $2^{4253} - 1$ and $2^{4423} - 1$ in $1961$.
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#### December

##### Barry Charles Mazur (b. 1937 )

American mathematician who has worked in geometric topology and arithmetic topology.
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##### John Horton Conway (b. 1937 )

British-born mathematician noted for his work in group theory and recreational mathematics.

Inventor of The Game of Life.
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### 1938

##### Robert Berger (b. 1938 )

American mathematician known for devising the first aperiodic tiling, using a set of $20 \ 426$ distinct tile shapes.
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##### J. Arthur Seebach (1938 – 1996)

**J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.** was an American mathematician best known for the groundbreaking *Counterexamples in Topology* which he co-authored with Lynn Arthur Steen, "... a counterexample to the view, widespread at the time, that undergraduates could neither do nor even contribute to research in mathematics."^{[1]}.

An early advocate for introducing computers into the educational curriculum.
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##### Charles Coffin Sims (b. 1938 )

American mathematician active in the field of group theory.

With Donald G. Higman, discovered the Higman-Sims Group.

Developed software leading up to the discovery of the Lyons Group (also known as Lyons-Sims Group) and O'Nan Group (also known as O'Nan-Sims Group).
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#### January

##### Donald Ervin Knuth (b. 1938 )

Pronounced **K-Nooth**.

Hugely influential American computer scientist famous for his multi-volume *The Art of Computer Programming*, still famously a work in progress.

The "father of analysis of algorithms".

Pioneered research and design of the representation of mathematics via computer.^{[2]} Author of *Computers and Typesetting*, another multi-volume work.
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##### Yiannis Nicholas Moschovakis (b. 1938 )

In Greek: **Γιάννης Μοσχοβάκης**.

Greek mathematician known for his work in the fields of set theory, descriptive set theory and recursion theory.
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#### February

##### Ian Mueller (1938 – 2010)

American scholar of ancient Greek philosophy of science and the reception of Plato and Aristotle in late antiquity.
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#### March

##### James David McCawley (1938 – 1999)

Scots-born American linguist with a training in mathematics.

His main contribution to mathematics has been his excellent translations of mathematics textbooks into English.
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#### June

##### Peter Schreiber (b. 1938 )

German mathematician and historian of mathematics who deals with the foundations of mathematics and geometry.
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#### July

##### Richard Mansfield Dudley (b. 1938 )

American mathematician whose main fields of study are real analysis and probability theory.
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#### August

##### Dominic James Anthony Welsh (b. 1938 )

English mathematician specialising in matroid theory, cryptography and percolation theory.
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#### September

##### Derek John Scott Robinson (b. 1938 )

Scottish mathematician who deals with algebra (group theory, homologous algebra).
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#### December

##### George Eyre Andrews (b. 1938 )

American mathematician best known for his work in number theory.

Famous for discovering Srīnivāsa Aiyangār Rāmānujan's Lost Notebook in 1976.
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##### Lorraine Lois Foster (b. 1938 )

American mathematician working in number theory and the theory of mathematical symmetry.

First woman to receive a Ph.D. in mathematics from California Institute of Technology.
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### 1939

##### John Bligh Conway (b. 1939 )

American mathematician best known for his comprehensive books on functional and complex analysis.
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##### David Breyer Singmaster (b. 1939 )

American mathematician best known for his work in the field of recreational mathematics, in particular Rubik's cube.
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#### May

##### Brian Hartley (1939 – 1994)

British mathematician mainly noted for his work in group theory.

Best remembered by undergraduates for his much-cited textbook *Rings, Modules and Linear Algebra* (1970) which he cowrote with Trevor Hawkes.

A student of Philip Hall, and a tutor of Ian Stewart.
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#### August

##### John Chukwuemeka Amazigo (b. 1939 )

Nigerian mathematician specialsing in education.
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##### Alan Baker (b. 1939 )

British mathematician whose main area of work has been in finding effective methods for number theory.
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#### October

##### Neil James Alexander Sloane (b. 1939 )

British mathematician whose major contributions are in the fields of combinatorics, error-correcting codes, and sphere packing.

Best known for being the creator and maintainer of the On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (OEIS).
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#### December

##### Stephen Arthur Cook (b. 1939 )

American mathematician and computer scientist who has made considerable progress in the field of complexity theory.
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### 1940

##### Charles Chapman Pugh (b. 1940 )

American mathematician who specializes in dynamic systems.
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##### Alexander G. Ramm (b. 1940 )

Russian-born American mathematician who specializes in differential and integral equations, operator theory, ill-posed and inverse problems, scattering theory, functional analysis, spectral theory, numerical analysis, theoretical electrical engineering, signal estimation, and tomography.
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##### David Wells (b. 1940 )

British populist of mathematics best known for his various "curious and interesting" dictionaries.
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#### May

##### Michael David Spivak (b. 1940 )

American mathematician specializing in differential geometry.

Also noted for his textbooks.
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#### June

##### Daniel Gray Quillen (1940 – 2011)

American mathematician mainly working in the field of algebraic topology.
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#### September

##### George Stephen Boolos (1940 – 1996)

American philosopher who also worked in the field of mathematical logic.
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##### Elwyn Ralph Berlekamp (b. 1940 )

American mathematician and computer scientist famous for his contributions towards game theory.

Also the innovator of several computer algorithms.
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##### Kenneth George Binmore (b. 1940 )

British mathematician, economist, and game theorist.

Awarded CBE in 2001 for his contributions to game theory and his role in 3G telecommunications.
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#### October

##### David Anthony Klarner (1940 – 1999)

American mathematician, author, and educator.

Known for his work in combinatorial enumeration, polyominoes and box-packing.
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#### November

##### Enrico Bombieri (b. 1940 )

Italian mathematician known for his work in analytic number theory, algebraic geometry, univalent functions, theory of several complex variables, partial differential equations of minimal surfaces, and the theory of finite groups
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#### December

##### Peter Michael Neumann (b. 1940 )

British mathematician working mainly in the field of group theory.

Famous for solving Alhazen's Problem in 1997.

Son of Bernhard Hermann Neumann and Hanna Neumann.
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## $1941$ – $1950$

### 1941

##### John Michael Pollard (b. 1941 )

British mathematician who has invented algorithms for the factorization of large numbers and for the calculation of discrete logarithms.
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#### January

##### Lynn Arthur Steen (1941 – 2015)

American mathematician best known for the groundbreaking *Counterexamples in Topology* which he co-authored with J. Arthur Seebach, Jr..
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#### March

##### Gyula O. H. Katona (b. 1941 )

Hungarian mathematician best known for his work in the field of combinatorial set theory.

Proved the Erdős-Ko-Rado Theorem.

Father of Gyula Y. Katona, who works in similar fields.
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#### May

##### David Orme Tall (b. 1941 )

British mathematician mainly working in the field of educational psychology.

Also known for the books he has co-written with Ian Stewart.
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##### Wilfrid Augustine Hodges (b. 1941 )

British mathematician known for his work in model theory.
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##### Joel William Robbin (b. 1941 )

American mathematician specialising in mathematical logic and matrix algebra.
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#### June

##### Viorel P. Barbu (b. 1941 )

Romanian mathematician, active in the field of topology.
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#### August

##### Alexander Keewatin Dewdney (b. 1941 )

Canadian mathematician, computer scientist and philosopher.

Between 1984 and 1993, he took over from Douglas Hofstadter the task of writing the *Metamagical Themas* column in Scientific American, which he renamed to *Computer Recreations*, then *Mathematical Recreations*.
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#### September

##### Teodor Precupanu (b. 1941 )

Romanian mathematician, active in the field of topology.
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#### October

##### Roland Edwin Larson (b. 1941 )

**Roland Edwin ("Ron") Larson** is an American professor of mathematics, best known for the widely-used books (covering all levels from from pre-school to college) written by him, often in collaboration.
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### 1942

##### Robert James McEliece (b. 1942 )

American mathematician and engineering professor best known for his work in information theory.
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#### January

##### Joseph Anthony Gallian (b. 1942 )

American mathematician who has been awarded for the quality of his teaching.
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##### Stephen William Hawking (b. 1942 )

British mathematician, physicist and cosmologist best known for his works of popular science.
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##### Melvin Fitting (b. 1942 )

American mathematician specialising in logic.
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#### May

##### Eberhard Freitag (b. 1942 )

German mathematician known for his work in function theory and modular forms.
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#### October

##### Alfred S. Posamentier (b. 1942 )

American educator, writer and commentator on American mathematics and science education.
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##### Bruno Buchberger (b. 1942 )

Austrian professor of Computer Mathematics who created the theory of Gröbner bases.
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### 1943

##### Robert Everist Greene (b. 1943 )

American mathematician whose main area of work is in differential geometry.
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##### Anders Vretblad (b. 1943 )

Swedish mathematician known as the writer of the books *Algebra och Kombinatorik* and *Fourier Analysis and its Applications*.
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#### April

##### Ralph William Gosper, Jr. (b. 1943 )

American mathematician and pioneering computer programmer.

Considered by some to be one of the founders of the hacker community.
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#### June

##### Edmund Frederick Robertson (b. 1943 )

Scots mathematician currently a Professor of Mathematics at the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

He is one of the owners of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive along with John J. O'Connor.
**show full page**

#### July

##### George Mark Bergman (b. 1943 )

American mathematician whose primary research area is algebra, in particular associative rings, universal algebra, category theory and the construction of counterexamples.

Mathematical logic is an additional research area.
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##### Hugh Cowie Williams (b. 1943 )

Canadian mathematician working mainly in number theory and cryptography.
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#### August

##### Herbert Kenneth Kunen (b. 1943 )

American mathematician, better known as **Kenneth Kunen**, working in set theory.
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##### Béla Bollobás (b. 1943 )

Hungarian mathematician, now British, who has worked in various areas of mathematics, including functional analysis, combinatorics, graph theory, and percolation.
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#### December

##### Robin James Wilson (b. 1943 )

British mathematician whose academic interests lie in graph theory, particularly in colouring problems, e.g. the four colour problem, and algebraic properties of graphs.
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##### Nicholas Michael Katz (b. 1943 )

American mathematician working in the fields of algebraic geometry, particularly on p-adic methods, monodromy and moduli problems, and number theory.
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### 1944

##### Carl Bernard Pomerance (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in number theory.
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##### Vaughan Ronald Pratt (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in computer science.
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#### January

##### Thomas J. Jech (b. 1944 )

Czech-born mathematician (born **Tomáš Jech**) who specializes in set theory.
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#### May

##### Per H. Enflo (b. 1944 )

Swedish mathematician who has solved fundamental problems in functional analysis.
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#### June

##### Christian Berg (b. 1944 )

Danish mathematician, currently a professor at the University of Copenhagen.
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##### Bailey Whitfield Diffie (b. 1944 )

American mathematician and cryptographer.

One of the pioneers of public-key cryptography

Inventor with Martin Edward Hellman of the trapdoor function.
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#### July

##### Ernő Rubik (b. 1944 )

Hungarian inventor and architect best known for inventing Rubik's cube.
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#### August

##### Hugh Lowell Montgomery (b. 1944 )

American mathematician best known for his work in analytic number theory and mathematical analysis.
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#### October

##### Melvyn Bernard Nathanson (b. 1944 )

American mathematician specialising in, particularly additive and combinatorial, number theory.
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#### December

##### Mitchell Jay Feigenbaum (b. 1944 )

American mathematical physicist whose pioneering studies in chaos theory led to the discovery of the Feigenbaum constants.
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### 1945

##### Robert Louis Griess, Jr. (b. 1945 )

American mathematician working on finite simple groups and vertex algebras.

Constructed the Fischer-Griess Monster using the Griess algebra.
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##### Edward M. Reingold (b. 1945 )

American computer scientist active in the fields of algorithms, data structures, graph drawing, and calendrical calculations.
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#### January

##### Persi Warren Diaconis (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and former professional magician of Greek descent, best known for tackling mathematical problems involving randomness and randomization, such as coin flipping and shuffling playing cards.
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#### February

##### Donald John Roberts (b. 1945 )

Canadian-American economist, whose research focuses on the design, governance and management of organizations, especially in an international context.
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##### Douglas Richard Hofstadter (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and philosopher most noted for the books he has written.

In particular, famous for being the author of *Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid*.

Between 1981 and 1983, he took over from Martin Gardner the task of writing the *Mathematical Games* column in Scientific American, which he renamed to *Metamagical Themas*.
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##### Samuel Standfield Wagstaff Jr. (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and computer scientist, whose research interests are in the areas of cryptography, parallel computation, and analysis of algorithms, especially number theoretic algorithms.
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#### March

##### Robert Charles Vaughan (b. 1945 )

**Bob Vaughan** is a British mathematician whose main work is in analytic number theory.
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#### April

##### Martin Golubitsky (b. 1945 )

**Marty Golubitsky** is an American mathematician specialising in mathematical biosciences.
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#### June

##### Timothy Poston (b. 1945 )

British mathematician and physicist best known for work in catastrophe theory.

Also the scientific and mathematical advisor to Genesis P-Orridge.
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#### July

##### John J. O'Connor (b. 1945 )

English-born mathematician who has worked in the fields of topology and computational algebra.

He is one of the owners of the MacTutor History of Mathematics archive along with Edmund F. Robertson.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Ian Nicholas Stewart (b. 1945 )

English mathematician who has made considerable contributions to the field of catastrophe theory.

He is more famous, however, as a popular writer and publicist of mathematics.

As one of the contributors to the *Science of Discworld* series, he was created an honorary Wizard of Unseen University.
**show full page**

#### October

##### Martin Edward Hellman (b. 1945 )

American mathematician and cryptographer.

One of the pioneers of public-key cryptography

Inventor with Bailey Whitfield Diffie and Ralph C. Merkle of the technique of public key cryptography.
**show full page**

#### December

##### Ian Fraser Kilmister (1945 – 2015)

English rock musician better known as **Lemmy**.

Notable for writing the only song in rock music with the word parallelogram in its lyrics.
**show full page**

##### Leonard Max Adleman (b. 1945 )

American cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.

Successfully used DNA as a computation technique.

Supposed to have coined the term **virus** in the context of computer programs.
**show full page**

### 1946

##### David John Acheson (b. 1946 )

English mathematician best known for his book *1089 and all that*.
**show full page**

##### Derek A. Zave (1946 – 1987)

American computer scientist who has done research into power series with harmonic numbers.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Patrick Michael Fitzpatrick (b. 1946 )

Irish-born mathematician, now working in the U.S., mainly working in the fields of Analysis and Topology.
**show full page**

##### Rudolf von Bitter Rucker (b. 1946 )

**Rudy Rucker** is an American mathematician, computer scientist, science fiction author and philosopher.

Best known (in the field of mathematics) for his work *Infinity and the Mind*.
**show full page**

#### April

##### Richard Peirce Brent (b. 1946 )

Australian mathematician and computer scientist, whose research interests include number theory (in particular factorisation), random number generators, computer architecture, and analysis of algorithms.
**show full page**

#### May

##### Charalambos Dionisios Aliprantis (b. 1946 )

In Greek: **Χαράλαμπος Διονύσιος Αλιπράντης**. Known informally as **Roko Aliprantis**.

Greek-American economist and mathematician who introduced Banach space and Riesz space methods in economic theory.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Jean-Marc Deshouillers (b. 1946 )

French mathematician specializing in analytic number theory.
**show full page**

#### October

##### William Paul Thurston (1946 – 2012)

American mathematician who specialised in low-dimensional topology.

Won the Fields Medal in 1982 for his work on $3$-manifolds.
**show full page**

#### December

##### Ingmar Lehmann (b. 1946 )

German mathematician, university lecturer and non-fiction author.
**show full page**

##### Andrew Chi-Chih Yao (b. 1946 )

Chinese-American computer scientist and computational theorist.
**show full page**

### 1947

##### Mariano Giaquinta (b. 1947 )

Italian mathematician mainly known for his contributions to the fields of calculus of variations and regularity theory of partial differential equation.
**show full page**

#### January

##### Hermanus Johannes Joseph te Riele (b. 1947 )

Dutch mathematician specializing in computational number theory.

Proving the correctness of the Riemann Hypothesis for the first $1.5$ billion non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function, with Jan van de Lune and Dik Winter.

Disproved the Mertens Conjecture, with Andrew Michael Odlyzko.

Known for factoring large numbers of world record size.

Found a new upper bound for $\pi \left({x}\right) - Li \left({x}\right)$.
**show full page**

#### February

##### Michel Criton (b. 1947 )

French mathematician who has written a number of books on recreational mathematics.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Yuri Vladimirovich Matiyasevich (b. 1947 )

Russian mathematician (**Ю́рий Влади́мирович Матиясе́вич**) most famous for proving that Hilbert's Tenth Problem is Unsolvable.
**show full page**

##### Keith J. Devlin (b. 1947 )

English author and publicist of mathematics.
**show full page**

#### May

##### Ronald Linn Rivest (b. 1947 )

American cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.

Also well-known for being one of the contributors to 1990: Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest: *Introduction to Algorithms*.
**show full page**

#### June

##### Gerald Budge Folland (b. 1947 )

American mathematician whose areas of interest are harmonic analysis (on both Euclidean space and Lie groups), differential equations, and mathematical physics.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Peter Lawrence Montgomery (b. 1947 )

American mathematician whose specialty is cryptography.
**show full page**

#### November

##### Gregory John Chaitin (b. 1947 )

Argentinian-American mathematician active mainly in computability theory and metamathematics.
**show full page**

#### December

##### William Wade Dunham (b. 1947 )

American mathematician specialising in topology.

Later became interested in the history of mathematics, particularly that concerning Leonhard Euler.
**show full page**

##### Richard E. Crandall (1947 – 2012)

American physicist and computer scientist who made contributions to computational number theory.
**show full page**

### 1948

##### Mordechai Ben-Ari (b. 1948 )

**Mordechai ("Moti") Ben-Ari** is an Israeli mathematician best known for his work in mathematical logic and computer science.
**show full page**

##### Michael R. Genesereth (b. 1948 )

American professor of computer science.
**show full page**

##### Richard Schroeppel (b. 1948 )

American mathematician whose research has included magic squares, elliptic curves and cryptography..
**show full page**

#### February

##### Ian Chiswell (b. 1948 )

British mathematician whose main area of research is geometric group theory, especially the theory of trees.

Other interests have included cohomology of groups and ordered groups.
**show full page**

#### March

##### László Lovász (b. 1948 )

Hungarian mathematician, best known for his work in combinatorics.
**show full page**

#### April

##### Paul Robert Milgrom (b. 1948 )

American economist who is also an expert in game theory, specifically auction theory and pricing strategies.

Co-creator of the No-Trade Theorem with Nancy Stokey.
**show full page**

#### August

##### David Harold Bailey (b. 1948 )

American mathematician and computer scientist best known as the co-creator (with Peter Benjamin Borwein and Simon Plouffe) of the BBP Algorithm.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Gaston Henry Gonnet (b. 1948 )

Uruguayan Canadian computer scientist and entrepreneur.

Best known for his contributions to the Maple computer algebra system and the creation of an electronic version of the Oxford English Dictionary.
**show full page**

#### November

##### Leonid Anatolievich Levin (b. 1948 )

Soviet-American computer scientist best known for his exposition of what is now known as the Cook-Levin Theorem.
**show full page**

### 1949

##### Robert Ian Goldblatt (b. 1949 )

Mathematical logician from New Zealand, most famous for his work on topoi.

Author of the popular book Logics of Time and Computation.

Also the author of a graduate level textbook on hyperreal numbers which is an introduction to nonstandard analysis.
**show full page**

##### Lee Vernon Stiff (b. 1949 )

American mathematician working mainly in the field of mathematics education research.

Author and co-author of several mathematics textbooks.
**show full page**

##### Boris Iosifovich Zilber (b. 1949 )

English mathematician of Russian origin known for his research in mathematical logic, mainly from model theory.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Aleksandar Ivić (b. 1949 )

Serbian mathematician notable for his work on the Riemann Zeta function.
**show full page**

##### Christopher David Godsil (b. 1949 )

Australian mathematician, whose interests include algebraic graph theory, combinatorics and optimization.
**show full page**

#### April

##### Hendrik Willem Lenstra Jr. (b. 1949 )

Dutch mathematician working principally in computational number theory.

Well known as the discoverer of the elliptic curve factorization method.

Co-discoverer of the Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász Lattice Basis Reduction Algorithm.

The Cohen-Lenstra Heuristics, a set of precise conjectures about the structure of class groups of quadratic fields, is named after him.
**show full page**

#### July

##### Andrew Michael Odlyzko (b. 1949 )

Polish-American mathematician who has published extensively on analytic number theory, computational number theory, cryptography, algorithms and computational complexity, combinatorics, probability, and error-correcting codes..

Disproved the Mertens Conjecture, with Hermanus Johannes Joseph te Riele.
**show full page**

#### October

##### Fan Chung Graham (b. 1949 )

**Fan Rong K Chung Graham** (**金芳蓉**, pinyin: **Jīn Fāngróng**) is a Taiwanese-American mathematician noted for her work in the areas of spectral graph theory, extremal graph theory and random graphs.

Generalized the Erdős-Rényi model.

Wife of Ronald Graham, friend and colleague of Paul Erdős.
**show full page**

#### November

##### Lawrence Craig Evans (b. 1949 )

American mathematician whose research is in the field of nonlinear partial differential equations, primarily elliptic equations.
**show full page**

### 1950

##### Hervé Moulin (b. 1950 )

French mathematician known for his research contributions in mathematical economics, in particular in the fields of mechanism design, social choice, game theory and fair division.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Gerd Rudolph (b. 1950 )

German mathematician and physicist specialising in gauge theory.
**show full page**

#### October

##### David Marc Kreps (b. 1950 )

American game theorist and economist, known for his analysis of dynamic choice models and non-cooperative game theory, particularly the idea of sequential equilibrium.
**show full page**

#### December

##### Eric Stark Maskin (b. 1950 )

American economist who introduced the discipline of mechanism design theory.
**show full page**

##### Geoffrey Richard Grimmett (b. 1950 )

English mathematician best known for his work in probability theory.
**show full page**

## $1951$ – $1960$

##### Stanley Wagon (b. 1951 )

Canadian-American economist, the author of multiple books on number theory, geometry, and computational mathematics.

Also known for his snow sculptures.
**show full page**

### 1951

##### Lawrence Clinton Washington (b. 1951 )

American mathematician specializing in number theory.
**show full page**

#### February

##### Steven George Krantz (b. 1951 )

American mathematician best known for his writing and teaching.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Roger Bruce Myerson (b. 1951 )

American economist and political scientist.

Also active in the fields of game theory and mechanism design.
**show full page**

#### April

##### Ariel Rubinstein (b. 1951 )

**אריאל רובינשטיין** is an Israeli mathematician Israeli economist who works in Economic Theory, Game Theory and Bounded Rationality .
**show full page**

#### May

##### Jonathan Michael Borwein (1951 – 2016)

Scottish mathematician of varied accomplishments.

A public advocate of experimental mathematics, with David Harold Bailey.
**show full page**

### 1952

##### Galen John Strawson (b. 1952 )

British analytic philosopher and literary critic working mainly on philosophy of mind and metaphysics, including free will, panpsychism, the mind-body problem, and the self.

Also writes on John Locke, David Hume, Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche.
**show full page**

#### June

##### Robert Scott Rumely (b. 1952 )

American professor of mathematics specializing in number theory and arithmetic geometry.

He is one of the inventors of the Adleman-Pomerance-Rumely Primality Test.
**show full page**

#### July

##### Adi Shamir (b. 1952 )

In Hebrew: **עדי שמיר**

Israeli cryptographer and software engineer, best known for his involvement in the creation of the RSA algorithm.
**show full page**

### 1953

##### Frits Beukers (b. 1953 )

Dutch mathematician, who works on number theory and hypergeometric functions.
**show full page**

#### April

##### Andrew John Wiles (b. 1953 )

English mathematician famous for proving Fermat's Last Theorem, which he completed in 1994.
**show full page**

#### May

##### Peter Benjamin Borwein (b. 1953 )

Scottish mathematician best known for his contribution towards the Bailey-Borwein-Plouffe Algorithm.
**show full page**

##### David Elieser Deutsch (b. 1953 )

Israeli-born British physicist who pioneered the field of quantum computation by formulating a description for a quantum Turing machine.
**show full page**

#### August

##### Jean Tirole (b. 1953 )

French professor of economics who focuses on industrial organization, game theory, banking and finance, and economics and psychology.
**show full page**

#### November

##### Charles Eric Leiserson (b. 1953 )

American computer scientist, specializing in the theory of parallel computing and distributed computing.

Best known as the co-author of *Introduction to Algorithms*, along with Thomas H. Cormen, Ronald L. Rivest and Cliff Stein.
**show full page**

##### Glenn H. Stevens (b. 1953 )

American mathematician and educator, whose research specialties are number theory, automorphic forms, and arithmetic geometry.
**show full page**

### 1954

##### Oren Patashnik (b. 1954 )

American computer scientist best known for co-authoring *Concrete Mathematics: A Foundation for Computer Science* with Ronald L. Graham and Donald E. Knuth.
**show full page**

##### Gerd Faltings (b. 1954 )

German mathematician known for his work in arithmetic algebraic geometry.
**show full page**

### 1955

##### Michael Keith (b. 1955 )

American mathematician and software engineer, best known in the mathematical community for his work in the field of recreational mathematics.

Also known as the author of works of constrained writing.
**show full page**

##### David Knudsen Levine (b. 1955 )

American economist working in game theory.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Joseph Hillel Silverman (b. 1955 )

American mathematician whose work has been in number theory, arithmetic geometry, arithmetic dynamics and cryptography.
**show full page**

#### November

##### David Allen Bayer (b. 1955 )

American mathematician known for his contributions in algebra and symbolic computation and for his consulting work in the movie industry.
**show full page**

### 1956

##### Thomas H. Cormen (b. 1956 )

American mathematician and computer scientist, best known for being the co-author of *Introduction to Algorithms*, along with Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest and Cliff Stein.
**show full page**

##### Peter M. Higgins (b. 1956 )

Australian mathematician specialising in algebraic semigroups.
**show full page**

##### Douglas Robert Stinson (b. 1956 )

Canadian mathematician and cryptographer.
**show full page**

#### March

##### Arjen Klaas Lenstra (b. 1956 )

Dutch mathematician active in cryptography and computational number theory, especially in areas such as integer factorization.

Co-discoverer of the Lenstra-Lenstra-Lovász Lattice Basis Reduction Algorithm.
**show full page**

##### Paul Hoffman (b. 1956 )

American author, science educator, food entrepreneur and occasional writer on mathematics.

Also a puzzlemaster under the pseudonym Dr. Crypton.
**show full page**

#### June

##### Simon Plouffe (b. 1956 )

Canadian mathematician who discovered the formula for the BBP Algorithm which permits the computation of the $n$th binary digit of $\pi$.
**show full page**

#### July

##### Eric Eleterius Coralie van Damme (b. 1956 )

Dutch economist known for his contributions to game theory.
**show full page**

#### October

##### Colin Conrad Adams (b. 1956 )

American mathematician, humorist and prolific writer active in knot theory and topology.

Active in combating the too-common psychological condition of math anxiety.
**show full page**

### 1957

#### March

##### Drew Fudenberg (b. 1957 )

American mathematician working on game theory, including equilibrium theory, learning in games, and evolutionary game theory.
**show full page**

#### August

##### Clifford Alan Pickover (b. 1957 )

American mathematician whose main research area is fractals.

Also a prolific popular writer on several topics.
**show full page**

#### November

##### George F. Woltman (b. 1957 )

American mathematician and computer scientist who is the founder of the Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search (GIMPS).
**show full page**

### 1958

##### Robert Arnott Wilson (b. 1958 )

English mathematician best known for his work on classifying the maximal subgroups of finite simple groups and for the work in the Monster group.
**show full page**

#### May

##### Mark Steven Manasse (b. 1958 )

American computer scientist and mathematician who works in the field of algorithmic number theory

Part of the team which factorised the $9$th Fermat number.
**show full page**

#### July

##### Kate Bush (b. 1958 )

English musician and composer whose contribution to mathematics was to compose a piece called $\pi$ which contains (inaccurately) the first 150 or so digits of its decimal expansion.
**show full page**

#### October

##### Christian Friedrich Krattenthaler (b. 1958 )

Austrian mathematician working mainly in the field of discrete mathematics with a focus on combinatorics.
**show full page**

### 1959

##### Joan-Vicenç Gómez i Urgellés (b. 1959 )

Spanish mathematician best known for being the author of several books.
**show full page**

#### August

##### Stephen Wolfram (b. 1959 )

English mathematician best known for being the name behind Mathematica.

Much of his work has been in the field of cellular automata.
**show full page**

### 1960

##### Ariel T. Glenn (b. 1960 )

American mathematician and software engineer best noted for finding the Mersenne prime $M_{21 \, 701}$, alongside Landon Curt Noll, while still at high school.
**show full page**

#### October

##### Landon Curt Noll (b. 1960 )

American mathematician best noted for finding the two Mersenne primes $M_{21\ 701}$ and $M_{23\ 209}$ while still at high school (the first together with Laura Ariel Nickel, now Ariel T. Glenn).
**show full page**

#### December

##### Carol Jean Vorderman (b. 1960 )

British mathematically literate TV presenter best known for having presented Countdown for 26 years.

Has intensive involvement in the British government's initiative to improve the mathematical literacy of school students. Whether you consider this as a point in her favour or against her depends on how cynically you view the government of the United Kingdom. It is worth pointing out that the website presented in her name has had a mixed reception.

A 3rd-class degree from Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge is known as a **Vorderman** in her honour.
**show full page**

##### Matt Westwood (b. 1960 )

British amateur mathematician best known for the discovery of Westwood's Puzzle.

One of the more tedious practitioners of the modern tendency towards Bourbakism.
**show full page**

## $1961$ – $1970$

### 1961

##### Kenneth Keeler (b. 1961 )

**Kenneth "Ken" Keeler** is an American mathematician who passes the time between theorems writing episodes of *Futurama*.

The Futurama episode The Prisoner of Benda features an application of what we on $\mathsf{Pr} \infty \mathsf{fWiki}$ are going to call *the Futurama Theorem*. Who said permutation theory was boring?
**show full page**

##### John Carlos Baez (b. 1961 )

American mathematician and physicist known for his work in spin foams in loop quantum gravity.

Also known for his writings on octonions and higher-order Clifford algebras.
**show full page**

### 1962

#### April

##### Rafael Lahoz-Beltra (b. 1962 )

Spanish mathematician known for the invention of electronic enzyme.
**show full page**

#### September

##### Andrew James Granville (b. 1962 )

British professor of mathematics working mainly in number theory.
**show full page**

### 1963

### 1964

### 1965

#### August

##### Marcus du Sautoy (b. 1965 )

**Marcus Peter Francis du Sautoy** is a British professor of mathematics best known for his authorship of popular mathematical works.

Also a TV presenter.
**show full page**

#### December

##### Gyula Y. Katona (b. 1965 )

Hungarian mathematician working mainly in graph theory.

The son of Gyula O. H. Katona.
**show full page**

##### Clifford Seth Stein (b. 1965 )

American computer scientist and professor of industrial engineering and operations research.

Well-known as one of the contributors to later editions of *Introduction to Algorithms*, along with Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson and Ronald L. Rivest .
**show full page**

### 1966

#### June

##### Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman (b. 1966 )

Russian mathematician famous for solving Thurston's Geometrization Conjecture, and hence completing the proof of the Poincaré Conjecture.
**show full page**

#### August

##### Noam David Elkies (b. 1966 )

American mathematician and chess master.

With Arthur Oliver Lonsdale Atkin, extended Schoof's Algorithm to create the Schoof-Elkies-Atkin Algorithm.

Found the first known counterexample to Euler's Quartic Conjecture.
**show full page**

### 1967

##### Joel Armengaud (b. 1967 )

Frenchman who found the Mersenne prime $M_{1\ 398\ 269}$.
**show full page**

### 1968

### 1969

### 1970

## $1971$ – $1980$

##### Jordan Stuart Ellenberg (b. 1971 )

American mathematician working mainly within arithmetic geometry.
**show full page**

##### Danica Mae McKellar (b. 1975 )

American mathematician better known as an actor.

Also known for her books aimed specifically at middle-school and high-school girls to increase their confidence in mathematics.
**show full page**

##### Maryam Mirzakhani (1977 – 2017)

Iranian mathematician notable for being the first female recipient of the Fields Medal.

Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.
**show full page**

##### Nathaniel Read Silver (b. 1978 )

American statistician and writer who analyzes baseball and elections.

Famous for successfully calling the outcomes in 49 of the 50 states in the 2008 U.S. Presidential election.
**show full page**

## $1981$ and on

##### Victoria Hart (b. 1988 )

American mathematician best known for the videos she has published on YouTube under the name **Vi Hart**.
**show full page**

##### Daniel Robert Page (b. 1989 )

Canadian mathematician, computer scientist and algorithmist.

Creator of Page's Algorithm.
**show full page**

## References

- ↑ In Memorium: J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.: Lynn Arthur Steen.
- ↑ It is impossible accurately to assess the impact of $\TeX$ on the ability to communicate mathematics via computer. This website would not have been possible without it.