Mathematician:Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky

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Mathematician

Known as "the Copernicus of geometry", for his development of a non-Euclidean geometry, that is, one which does not use the parallel postulate.

Subject of a song by Tom Lehrer.


Nationality

Russian


History

  • Born: 1 Dec 1792, Nizhny Novgorod (was Gorky from 1932-1990), Russia
  • Died: 24 Feb 1856, Kazan, Russia


Theorems and Conjectures

Results named for Nikolai Ivanovich Lobachevsky can be found here.


Publications

  • 1823: Geometriya (although not published its exact original form till 1909)
  • 1829: A concise outline of the foundations of geometry
  • 1832: On the most important subjects of education
  • 1837: Géométrie imaginaire
  • 1840: Geometrische Untersuchungen zur Theorie der Parellellinien


Also known as

Full name in Russian: Никола́й Ива́нович Лобаче́вский.

His name is variously rendered in Roman script; for example, Eric Temple Bell in his Men of Mathematics writes it as Lobatchewsky.


Sources