Mathematician:William Frend

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English clergyman (later Unitarian), social reformer and writer.

Wrote a few works on mathematics in which, like Francis Maseres, he rejected the use of negative quantities.

Father-in-law of Augustus De Morgan




  • Born: 22 November 1757 in Canterbury, England
  • Died: 21 February 1841 at his house in Tavistock Square, London


  • 1788: An Address to the Inhabitants of Cambridge and its Neighbourhood ... to turn from the false Worship of Three Persons to the Worship of the One True God
  • 1793: Peace and Union Recommended to the Associated Bodies of Republicans and Anti-Republicans (1793)
  • 1795: Scarcity of Bread: a plan for reducing its high price
  • 1796: The Principles of Algebra (with a very long appendix by Francis Maseres)
  • 1798: A Letter to the Vice-chancellor of Cambridge, by Wm. Frend, candidate for the Lucasian Professorship
  • 1799: Principles of Taxation
  • 1800: Animadversions on Bishop Pretyman's Elements of Christian Theology
  • 1801: The Effect of Paper Money on the Price of Provisions
  • 1803: Editor of The Gentleman's Monthly Miscellany
  • 1804 -- 1822: Evening Amusements, or the Beauty of the Heavens Displayed
  • 1804: Patriotism: an Essay dedicated to the Volunteers
  • 1805: Tangible Arithmetic, or the Art of Numbering made Easy by means of an Arithmetical Toy
  • 1816: A Letter on the Slave Trade
  • 1817: The National Debt in its True Colours
  • 1819: Memoirs of a Goldfinch
  • 1819: Is it Impossible to Free the Atmosphere of London in a very considerable degree from Smoke?
  • 1832: A Plan of Universal Education (a fragment of a volume, Letters on a hitherto Undescribed Country, "written some years before but never published".)