# Quasicomponent is Intersection of Clopen Sets

## Theorem

Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a topological space.

Let $p \in S$.

Then the quasicomponent containing $p$ equals the intersection of all sets which are both open and closed which contain $p$.

## Proof

Let $C$ be the quasicomponent of $p$.

Let $Q$ be the set of clopen sets containing $p$ that are not equal to $S$.

First let $x \in C$.

Let $U \in Q$.

By definition of $Q$:

- $p \in U$

Let $V = \relcomp S U$ be the complement of $U$ relative to $S$.

By Complement of Clopen Set is Clopen $V$ is also a clopen set of $T$.

By Clopen Set and Complement form Separation $U$ and $V$ separate $S$.

By the definition of quasicomponent, $U \mid V$ is a separation of $S$ which contains a single open set $U$ containing both $x$ and $p$.

Thus:

- $x \in U$

As this holds for all such $U$:

- $x \in \displaystyle \bigcap Q$

As this holds for all such $x$:

- $C \subseteq Q$

$\Box$

Let $x \in \displaystyle \bigcap Q$.

Let $U \mid V$ be a separation of $S$.

Let $p \in U$.

Then $U \in Q$.

Thus $x \in U$.

Thus $x$ lies on the same side as $p$ of any separation of $X$.

So $x \in C$.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1978: Lynn Arthur Steen and J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.:
*Counterexamples in Topology*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Part $\text I$: Basic Definitions: Section $4$: Connectedness