Regular Space is T2 Space

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Let $\struct {S, \tau}$ be a regular space.

Then $\struct {S, \tau}$ is also a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.


Let $T = \struct {S, \tau}$ be a regular space.

From the definition of regular space:

$\struct {S, \tau}$ is a $T_3$ space
$\struct {S, \tau}$ is a $T_0$ (Kolmogorov) space.

Let $x, y \in S$.

As $T$ is $T_0$, it follows that either:

$\exists V \in \tau: x \in V, y \notin V$


$\exists V \in \tau: y \in V, x \notin V$

that is, there exists $V$, an open set, containing one but not the other.

Without loss of generality, suppose that $\exists V \in \tau: y \in V, x \notin V$.

Then by definition of relative complement:

$x \in \relcomp S V$

Let $F := \relcomp S V$.

As $V$ is open, by definition of closed set we have that $F = \relcomp S V$ is closed.

That is:

$\relcomp S V \in \tau$

As $y \in V$ it follows that $y \notin F$, that is:

$y \in \relcomp S F$

Now $\struct {S, \tau}$ is a $T_3$ space, and so:

$\forall F \subseteq S: \relcomp S F \in \tau, y \in \relcomp S F: \exists U, V \in \tau: F \subseteq U, y \in V: U \cap V = \O$

So we have that:

$x \in F \subseteq U \implies x \in U$
$y \notin F, y \in V$

such that $U \cap V = \O$.


$\forall x, y \in S: x \ne y: \exists U, V \in \tau: x \in U, y \in V: U \cap V = \O$

which is precisely the definition of a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.