31

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Number

$31$ (thirty-one) is:

The $11$th prime number, after $2$, $3$, $5$, $7$, $11$, $13$, $17$, $19$, $23$, $29$


The $2$nd of $29$ primes of the form $2 x^2 + 29$:
$2 \times 1^2 + 29 = 31$ (Previous  ... Next)


The $2$nd prime number after $3$ that can be found starting from the beginning of the decimal expansion of $\pi$ (pi):
$3 \cdotp 1(4159 \, 26535 \, 897 \ldots)$


The $3$rd emirp after $13$, $17$


The $3$rd Mersenne number and the $3$rd Mersenne prime after $3$, $7$:
$31 = 2^5 - 1$


The $3$rd Euclid number after $3$, $7$:
$31 = p_3\# + 1 = 2 \times 3 \times 5 + 1$


The $4$th Euclid prime after $2$, $3$, $7$:
$31 = p_3\# + 1 = 2 \times 3 \times 5 + 1$


The $2$nd of the $5$th pair of twin primes, with $29$


The $6$th prime $p$ such that $p \# + 1$, where $p \#$ denotes primorial (product of all primes up to $p$) of $p$, is prime:
$2$, $3$, $5$, $7$, $11$, $31$


The $8$th permutable prime after $2$, $3$, $5$, $7$, $11$, $13$, $17$


The $8$th happy number after $1$, $7$, $10$, $13$, $19$, $23$, $28$:
$31 \to 3^2 + 1^2 = 9 + 1 = 10 \to 1^2 + 0^2 = 1$


The index of the $8$th Mersenne prime after $2$, $3$, $5$, $7$, $13$, $17$, $19$:
$M_{31} = 2^{31} - 1 = 2 \, 147 \, 483 \, 647$


The $9$th lucky number:
$1$, $3$, $7$, $9$, $13$, $15$, $21$, $25$, $31$, $\ldots$


The $16$th positive integer which is not the sum of $1$ or more distinct squares:
$2$, $3$, $6$, $7$, $8$, $11$, $12$, $15$, $18$, $19$, $22$, $23$, $24$, $27$, $28$, $31$, $\ldots$


The $20$th positive integer after $2$, $3$, $4$, $7$, $8$, $9$, $10$, $11$, $14$, $15$, $16$, $19$, $20$, $21$, $24$, $25$, $26$, $29$, $30$ which cannot be expressed as the sum of distinct pentagonal numbers.


The $21$st integer $n$ such that $2^n$ contains no zero in its decimal representation:
$2^{31} = 2 \, 147 \, 483 \, 648$


Expressible as the sum of successive powers starting from $1$ in in $2$ different ways:
$31 = 1 + 5 + 5^2 = 1 + 2 + 2^2 + 2^3 + 2^4$


Also see



Sources