# Bernoulli's Hanging Chain Problem

From ProofWiki

## Contents

## Theorem

Consider a uniform chain $C$ whose physical properties are as follows:

Let $C$ be suspended in a vertical line from a fixed point and otherwise free to move.

Let $C$ be slightly disturbed in a vertical plane from its position of stable equilibrium.

Let $y \left({t}\right)$ be the horizontal displacement at time $t$ from its position of stable equilibrium of a particle of $C$ which is a vertical distance $x$ from its point of attachment.

The $2$nd order ODE describing the motion of $y$ is:

- $\dfrac {\mathrm d^2 y} {\mathrm d t^2} = g \left({l - x}\right) \dfrac {\mathrm d^2 y} {\mathrm d x^2} - g\dfrac {\mathrm d y} {\mathrm d x}$

## Proof

## Source of Name

This entry was named for Daniel Bernoulli.

He solved this problem around the year 1732.

## Sources

- 1922: Andrew Gray and G.B. Mathews:
*A Treatise on Bessel Functions*(2nd ed.): Chapter $\text{I}$: Introductory