# Book:Anonymous/Chiu Chang Suann Jing

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## Anonymous: *Chiu Chang Suann Jing*

Published $\text {c. $100$}$

In English:

*Nine Chapters of Arithmetic,or The Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art*

### Subject Matter

The oldest surviving Chinese text on mathematics.

- Applications of Pythagoras' Theorem
- Rules for extracting square roots and cube roots
- Methods of solution of simultaneous linear equations using techniques similar to Gaussian elimination

### Contents

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## Also known as

The name ** Chiu Chang Suann Jing** can be variously transliterated, for example:

Some sources refer to it as just ** Chiu Chang**.

It is translated variously as:

and so on.

Hence it is often popularly referred to as **(the) Nine Chapters**.

## Also see

## Historical Note

*Chiu Chang Suann Jing* was written by several generations of Chinese scholars dating from the $10$th century BCE through to the $2$nd or $3$rd century CE.

## Sources

- 1992: David Wells:
*Curious and Interesting Puzzles*... (previous) ... (next): The Nine Chapters - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Chiu-chang Suan-shu** - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Jiuzhang Suanjing (Chiu-chang Suann-shu)** - 1998: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art** - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Chiu-chang Suan-shu** - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Jiuzhang Suanjing (Chiu-chang Suann-shu)** - 2008: David Nelson:
*The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics*(4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next):**Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art** - 2008: Ian Stewart:
*Taming the Infinite*... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $3$: Notations and Numbers: Brahmagupta, Mahavira and Bhaskara