# Cantor Space is not Extremally Disconnected

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## Theorem

Let $T = \struct {\CC, \tau_d}$ be the Cantor space.

Then $T$ is not extremally disconnected.

## Proof

From Cantor Space satisfies all Separation Axioms we have that $T$ is a $T_2$ (Hausdorff) space.

Consider the real number $\dfrac 1 4 = 0.020202 \ldots_3$.

We have that:

- $C_1 := \CC \cap \hointr 0 {\dfrac 1 4}$
- $C_2 := \CC \cap \hointl {\dfrac 1 4} 1$

are disjoint sets both of which are open sets of $T$.

However, as $\dfrac 1 4 \in \CC$ we have that:

- $\dfrac 1 4 \in C_1^-$

and

- $\dfrac 1 4 \in C_2^-$

where $C_1^-$ and $C_2^-$ are the closures of $C_1$ and $C_2$ in $T$.

Thus $C_1^- \cap C_2^- \ne \O$.

The result follows from Extremally Disconnected by Disjoint Open Sets.

$\blacksquare$

## Sources

- 1978: Lynn Arthur Steen and J. Arthur Seebach, Jr.:
*Counterexamples in Topology*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Part $\text {II}$: Counterexamples: $29$. The Cantor Set: $7$