# Circumscribing Circle about Regular Pentagon

## Theorem

About any given regular pentagon it is possible to circumscribe a circle.

In the words of Euclid:

*About a given pentagon, which is equilateral and equiangular, to circumscribe a circle.*

(*The Elements*: Book $\text{IV}$: Proposition $14$)

## Construction

Let $ABCDE$ be the given regular pentagon.

Bisect $\angle BCD$ and $\angle CDE$ by the straight lines $CF$ and $DF$ respectively.

Draw the circle whose center is at $F$ and whose radius is $FC$ (or $FD$).

This circle is the one required.

## Proof

From $F$ join the straight lines $FB, FA, FE$.

In a similar manner to Inscribing Circle in Regular Pentagon it can be shown that $\angle CBA, \angle BAE, \angle AED$ have been bisected by the straight lines $FB, FA, FE$ respectively.

Since $\angle BCD = CDE$ and $2 \angle FCD = \angle BCD$ and $2 \angle CDF = \angle CDE$, it follows that $\angle FCD = \angle CDF$.

From Triangle with Two Equal Angles is Isosceles it follows that $FC = FD$.

Similarly it can be shown that $FB = FA = FE = FC = FD$.

Therefore the circle $ABCDE$ circumscribes the regular pentagon $ABCDE$ as required.

$\blacksquare$

## Historical Note

This theorem is Proposition $14$ of Book $\text{IV}$ of Euclid's *The Elements*.

## Sources

- 1926: Sir Thomas L. Heath:
*Euclid: The Thirteen Books of The Elements: Volume 2*(2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Book $\text{IV}$. Propositions