Definition:Calculus of Variations
- Results about calculus of variations can be found here.
Some sources suggest that, in a sense, the earliest problem in the calculus of variations arose in one of the legends of the founding of Carthage; the city was granted as much land as could be enclosed by a given length.
Karl Weierstrass ushered in a new era of precise reasoning with his lectures in $1879$ on the subject. One of his students, Oskar Bolza, took on the subject and developed the Chicago school of the calculus of variations.
- 1972: George F. Simmons: Differential Equations ... (previous) ... (next): $\S 1.6$: The Brachistochrone. Fermat and the Bernoullis
- 1998: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: calculus of variations
- 2008: David Nelson: The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics (4th ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): Entry: calculus of variations