Definition:Cayley-Dickson Construction

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Let $A = \struct {A_F, \oplus}$ be a $*$-algebra.

The Cayley-Dickson Construction on $A$ is the procedure which generates a new algebra $A'$ from $A$ as follows.


$A' = \struct {A'_F, \oplus'} = \struct {A, \oplus}^2$

where $\struct {A, \oplus}^2$ denotes the Cartesian product of $\struct {A, \oplus}$ with itself.

Then $\oplus'$ and $*'$ are defined on $A'$ as follows:

$\tuple {a, b} \oplus' \tuple {c, d} = \tuple {a \oplus c - d \oplus b^*, a^* \oplus d + c \oplus b}$
${\tuple {a, b}^*}' = \tuple {a^*, -b}$


$\tuple {a, b}, \tuple {c, d} \in A'$
$a^*$ is the conjugation of $a \in A$.

If $\map \dim {A_F}$ is $d$, then $\map \dim {A'_F}$ is $2 d$.

Also see

Source of Name

This entry was named for Arthur Cayley and Leonard Eugene Dickson.