Definition:Direct Image Mapping

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Definition

Let $S$ and $T$ be sets.

Let $\powerset S$ and $\powerset T$ be their power sets.


Relation

Let $\mathcal R \subseteq S \times T$ be a relation on $S \times T$.


The direct image mapping of $\mathcal R$ is the mapping $\mathcal R^\to: \powerset S \to \powerset T$ that sends a subset $X \subseteq T$ to its image under $\mathcal R$:

$\forall X \in \powerset S: \map {\mathcal R^\to} X = \begin {cases} \set {t \in T: \exists s \in X: \tuple {s, t} \in \mathcal R} & : X \ne \O \\ \O & : X = \O \end {cases}$


Mapping

Let $f \subseteq S \times T$ be a mapping from $S$ to $T$.


The direct image mapping of $f$ is the mapping $f^\to: \powerset S \to \powerset T$ that sends a subset $X \subseteq S$ to its image under $f$:

$\forall X \in \powerset S: \map {f^\to} X = \begin {cases} \set {t \in T: \exists s \in X: \map f s = t} & : X \ne \O \\ \O & : X = \O \end {cases}$


Also see

  • Results about direct image mappings can be found here.