Definition:Inverse Image Mapping

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Definition

Let $S$ and $T$ be sets.

Let $\powerset S$ and $\powerset T$ be their power sets.


Relation

Let $\mathcal R \subseteq S \times T$ be a relation on $S \times T$.


The inverse image mapping of $\mathcal R$ is the mapping $\mathcal R^\gets: \powerset T \to \powerset S$ that sends a subset $Y \subseteq T$ to its preimage $\map {\mathcal R^{-1} } Y$ under $\mathcal R$:

$\forall Y \in \powerset T: \map {\mathcal R^\gets} Y = \begin {cases} \set {s \in S: \exists t \in Y: \tuple {t, s} \in \mathcal R^{-1} } & : \Img {\mathcal R} \cap Y \ne \O \\ \O & : \Img {\mathcal R} \cap Y = \O \end {cases}$


Mapping

Let $f: S \to T$ be a mapping.


The inverse image mapping of $f$ is the mapping $f^\gets: \powerset T \to \powerset S$ that sends a subset $Y \subseteq T$ to its preimage $f^{-1} \paren T$ under $f$:

$\forall Y \in \powerset T: \map {f^\gets} Y = \begin {cases} \set {s \in S: \exists t \in Y: \map f s = t} & : \Img f \cap Y \ne \O \\ \O & : \Img f \cap Y = \O \end {cases}$


Also see

  • Results about inverse image mappings can be found here.