Definition:Internal Direct Product/General Definition

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Let $\struct {S, \circ}$ be an algebraic structure with $1$ operation.

Let $\struct {S_1, \circ {\restriction_{S_1} } }, \ldots, \struct {S_n, \circ {\restriction_{S_n} } }$ be closed algebraic substructures of $\struct {S, \circ}$, where $\circ {\restriction_{S_1} }, \ldots, \circ {\restriction_{S_n} }$ are the operations induced by the restrictions of $\circ$ to $S_1, \ldots, S_n$ respectively.

$\struct {S, \circ}$ is the internal direct product of $\sequence {S_n}$ if and only if:

the mapping $\ds \phi: \prod_{k \mathop = 1}^n S_k \to S$ defined as:
$\ds \forall i \in \set {1, 2, \ldots, n}: \forall s_i \in S_i: \map \phi {s_1, \ldots, s_n} = \prod_{k \mathop = 1}^n s_k$
is an isomorphism from the (external) direct product $\struct {S_1, \circ {\restriction_{S_1} } } \times \cdots \times \struct {S_n, \circ {\restriction_{S_n} } }$ onto $\struct {S, \circ}$.

The operation $\circ$ on $S$ is the operation induced on $S$ by $\circ {\restriction_{S_1} }, \circ {\restriction_{S_2} }, \ldots, \circ {\restriction_{S_n} }$.


The set of algebraic substructures $\struct {S_1, \circ {\restriction_{S_1} } }, \struct {S_2, \circ {\restriction_{S_2} } }, \ldots, \struct {S_n, \circ {\restriction_{S_n} } }$ whose (external) direct product is isomorphic with $\struct {S, \circ}$ is called a decomposition of $S$.

Also see

  • Results about internal direct products can be found here.