# Equivalence of Definitions of Closed Element

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## Contents

## Theorem

Let $\struct {S, \preceq}$ be an ordered set.

Let $\cl$ be a closure operator on $S$.

Let $x \in S$.

The following definitions of the concept of **Closed Element** are equivalent:

### Definition 1

The element $x$ is a **closed element of $S$ (with respect to $\cl$)** if and only if $x$ is a fixed point of $\cl$:

- $\map \cl x = x$

### Definition 2

The element $x$ is a **closed element of $S$ (with respect to $\cl$)** if and only if $x$ is in the image of $\cl$:

- $x \in \Img \cl$

## Proof

Let $\struct {S, \preceq}$ be an ordered set.

Let $\cl: S \to S$ be a closure operator on $S$.

Let $x \in S$.

By the definition of closure operator, $\cl$ is idempotent.

Thus by Fixed Point of Idempotent Mapping:

- An element of $S$ is a fixed point of $\cl$ if and only if it is in the image of $\cl$.

Thus the above definitions are equivalent.

$\blacksquare$