Limit of Subsequence of Bounded Sequence

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Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $\R$.

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be bounded.

Let $b \in \R$ be a real number.

Suppose that $\forall N: \exists n > N: x_n \ge b$.

Then $\sequence {x_n}$ has a subsequence which converges to a limit $l \ge b$.


Let us pick $N \in \N$.

Then $\exists n_1 > N: x_{n_1} \ge b$.

Again, $\exists n_2 > n_1: x_{n_2} \ge b$.

And so on: for each $n_k$ we find, $\exists n_{k+1} > n_k: x_{n_{k+1}} \ge b$.

In this way we can build a subsequence of $\sequence {x_n}$ each of whose terms are $b$ or bigger.

By the Bolzano-Weierstrass Theorem, this subsequence itself contains a subsequence $\sequence {x_{n_r} }$ which is convergent.

Now, suppose $x_{n_r} \to l$ as $r \to \infty$.

Since $x_{n_r} \ge b$ it follows from Lower and Upper Bounds for Sequences that $l \ge b$.