Lower and Upper Bounds for Sequences/Warning

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Theorem

Let $\sequence {x_n}$ be a sequence in $\R$.

Let $x_n \to l$ as $n \to \infty$.


Then it is not the case that:

$(1): \quad \forall n \in \N: x_n > a \implies l > a$
$(2): \quad \forall n \in \N: x_n < b \implies l < b$


Proof

Take the examples:

$(1): \quad \sequence {x_n} = \dfrac 1 n$
$(2): \quad \sequence {y_n} = -\dfrac 1 n$

Then :

$\forall n \in \N_{>0}: \dfrac 1 n > 0, -\dfrac 1 n < 0$

From Sequence of Reciprocals is Null Sequence, we have

$x_n \to 0$
$y_n \to 0$

as $n \to \infty$.

However, it is clearly false that $0 > 0$ and $0 < 0$.

$\blacksquare$


Sources