One of the most important figures in the history of the development of mathematics.
Most famous for the Fibonacci numbers. The number sequence itself was known to Indian mathematicians as early as the $6$th century, but it was Fibonacci's Liber Abaci which made them well-known throughout Europe.
- Born: c. 1170
- Died: c. 1250
Theorems and Definitions
- Fibonacci numbers
- Brahmagupta-Fibonacci Identity (with Brahmagupta)
- Practical Number (discussed at length in Liber Abaci)
Concepts derived from Fibonacci numbers
- Fibonacci Polynomial
- Fibonacci Prime
- Fibonacci String, also known as a Fibonacci Word
- Fibonacci Number System
- Fibonacci Nim
- Reciprocal Fibonacci Constant
- Pisano Period
Results named for Leonardo Fibonacci can be found here.
Definitions of concepts named for Leonardo Fibonacci can be found here.
- 1202: Liber Abaci (Book of Abacus or Book of Calculation) which introduced the Arabic numerals to the Western world. Sometimes (possibly erroneously) called Liber Abbaci.
- 1220: Practica Geometriae, a compendium on geometry and trigonometry.
- 1225: Flos, solutions to problems posed by a friend of his, Johannes of Palermo.
- 1225: Liber quadratorum (The Book of Squares) on Diophantine equations, in which in particular the Brahmagupta-Fibonacci Identity is discussed.
- Di minor guisa, on commercial arithmetic (lost)
- A commentary on Book X of Euclid's The Elements (lost)
- Fibonacci was by far the greatest European mathematician of the Middle Ages.
Also known as
Leonardo Fibonacci also known as Leonardo of Pisa, Leonardo Pisano, Leonardo Bonacci or usually just Fibonacci.
The name Fibonacci comes (posthumously) from filius Bonacci, that is: son of Bonacci (his father was nicknamed Bonacci, meaning good-natured or simpleton). These were the days before official surnames.
An ironic soubriquet.
Fibonacci is an Italian surname whose pronunciation is something like Fib-bo-nat-chi, or Fib-bo-nar-chi, according to taste.
Avoid pronouncing it Fie-bo-nac-ky.
- John J. O'Connor and Edmund F. Robertson: "Leonardo Fibonacci": MacTutor History of Mathematics archive
- 1997: Donald E. Knuth: The Art of Computer Programming: Volume 1: Fundamental Algorithms (3rd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $\S 1.2.8$: Fibonacci Numbers
- 1997: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): A List of Mathematicians in Chronological Sequence
- 1997: David Wells: Curious and Interesting Numbers (2nd ed.) ... (previous) ... (next): $0$ Zero
- 2008: Ian Stewart: Taming the Infinite ... (previous) ... (next): Chapter $3$: Notations and Numbers