Primitive of x by Square of Hyperbolic Cosecant of a x

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$\ds \int x \csch^2 a x \rd x = \frac {-x \coth a x} a + \frac 1 {a^2} \ln \size {\sinh a x} + C$


With a view to expressing the primitive in the form:

$\ds \int u \frac {\d v} {\d x} \rd x = u v - \int v \frac {\d u} {\d x} \rd x$


\(\ds u\) \(=\) \(\ds x\)
\(\ds \leadsto \ \ \) \(\ds \frac {\d u} {\d x}\) \(=\) \(\ds 1\) Derivative of Identity Function

and let:

\(\ds \frac {\d v} {\d x}\) \(=\) \(\ds \csch^2 a x\)
\(\ds \leadsto \ \ \) \(\ds v\) \(=\) \(\ds -\frac {\coth a x} a\) Primitive of $\csch^2 a x$


\(\ds \int x \csch^2 a x \rd x\) \(=\) \(\ds x \paren {-\frac {\coth a x} a} - \int \paren {-\frac {\coth a x} a} \times 1 \rd x + C\) Integration by Parts
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \frac {-x \coth a x} a + \frac 1 a \int \coth a x \rd x + C\) Linear Combination of Integrals
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \frac {-x \coth a x} a + \frac 1 a \frac {\ln \size {\sinh a x} } a + C\) Primitive of $\coth a x$
\(\ds \) \(=\) \(\ds \frac {-x \coth a x} a + \frac 1 {a^2} \ln \size {\sinh a x} + C\) simplifying


Also see