Subgroup/Examples

Examples of Subgroups

$\N$ in $\struct {\R_{\ne 0}, \times}$

Consider the multiplicative group of real numbers $\struct {\R_{\ne 0}, \times}$.

Consider the algebraic structure $\struct {\N_{> 0}, \times}$ formed by the non-zero natural numbers under multiplication.

Then $\struct {\N_{> 0}, \times}$ is not a subgroup of $\struct {\R_{\ne 0}, \times}$.

Matrices $\begin{bmatrix} 1 & a \cr 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ in General Linear Group

Let $\GL 2$ denote the general linear group of order $2$.

Let $H$ be the set of square matrices of the form $\begin{bmatrix} 1 & a \cr 0 & 1 \end{bmatrix}$ for $a \in \R$.

Then $\struct {H, \times}$ is a subgroup of $\GL 2$, where $\times$ is used to denote (conventional) matrix multiplication.